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The Complete Harvard Classics - All 51 Volumes in One Edition Pedro Calderón de la Barca

The Complete Harvard Classics - All 51 Volumes in One Edition

por

Pedro Calderón de la Barca

,

Dante Alighieri

,

Hans Christian Andersen

,

Daniel Defoe

,

Charles Darwin

,

William Shakespeare

,

Jonathan Swift

,

Thomas Hobbes

,

Jean Jacques Rousseau

,

Molière

,

Henry David Thoreau

,

Voltaire

,

René Descartes

,

John Milton

,

Christopher Marlowe

,

Michel De Montaigne

,

Eurípides

,

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

,

David hume

,

Immanuel Kant

,

Thomas de Quincey

,

Adam Smith

,

John Stuart Mill

,

Jacob Grimm

,

Wilhelm Grimm

,

Francis Bacon

,

John Locke

,

Robert Louis Stevenson

,

William Makepeace Thackeray

,

Ralph Waldo Emerson

,

Marcus Aurelius

,

Ernest Renan

,

Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

,

Plato

,

Jean Racine

,

Blaise Pascal

,

Pierre Corneille

,

Plutarch

,

Benvenuto Cellini

,

John Bunyan

,

Aesop

,

Thomas Carlyle

,

Virgil

,

Oliver Wendell Holmes

,

Friedrich von Schiller

,

Marcus Tullius Cicero

,

Thomas Babington Macaulay

,

Richard Henry Dana

,

Sophocles

,

Homer

,

Joseph Addison

,

George Berkeley

,

John Dryden

,

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

,

Philip Sidney

,

Charles Lamb

,

John Webster

,

Aristophanes

,

Saint Augustine

,

Tacitus

,

James Russell Lowell

,

Edmund Burke

,

Thomas More

,

Alessandro Manzoni

,

Robert Browning

,

Abraham Cowley

,

John Ruskin

,

Ben Jonson

,

Benjamin Franklin

,

Oliver Goldsmith

,

Michael Faraday

,

Niccolo Machiavelli

,

Samuel Johnson

,

Simon Newcomb

,

Ambroise Pare

,

Thomas Malory

,

Herodotus

,

William Harvey

,

Thomas A Kempis

,

Aeschylus

,

Epictetus

,

William Hazlitt

,

Jean Froissart

,

Robert Burns

,

Percy Bysshe Shelley

,

Izaak Walton

,

Hippocrates

,

Sydney Smith

,

Martin Luther

,

John Fletcher

,

Pliny the Younger

,

Richard Brinsley Sheridan

,

William Penn

,

Giuseppe Mazzini

,

George Gordon Byron

,

Edgar Alan Poe

,

Richard Steele

,

Leigh Hunt

,

Walter Raleigh

,

Francis Drake

,

Charles W. Eliot

,

Philip Nichols

,

Francis Pretty

,

Walter Bigges

,

Edward Haies

,

William Henry Harrison

,

Miguel de Cervantes

,

William Roper

,

Archibald Geikie

,

Thomas Dekker

,

John Woolman

,

Thomas Browne

,

Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve

,

Joseph Lister

,

Louis Pasteur

,

Philip Massinger

,

Francis Beaumont

,

David Garrick

,

Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz

y

William A. Neilson

$4.99

Medios de pago

    The Complete Harvard Classics - All 51 Volumes in One Edition

    Editorial: e-artnow

    Idioma: Inglés

    ISBN: 4057664159571

    Formatos: ePub (con DRM de Adobe)

    Compatibles con: Windows, Mac, iOS, Android & eReaders

    $4.99

    Medios de pago
      The Complete Harvard Classics - All 51 Volumes in One Edition Pedro Calderón de la Barca

      The Complete Harvard Classics - All 51 Volumes in One Edition

      por

      Pedro Calderón de la Barca

      ,

      Dante Alighieri

      ,

      Hans Christian Andersen

      ,

      Daniel Defoe

      ,

      Charles Darwin

      ,

      William Shakespeare

      ,

      Jonathan Swift

      ,

      Thomas Hobbes

      ,

      Jean Jacques Rousseau

      ,

      Molière

      ,

      Henry David Thoreau

      ,

      Voltaire

      ,

      René Descartes

      ,

      John Milton

      ,

      Christopher Marlowe

      ,

      Michel De Montaigne

      ,

      Eurípides

      ,

      Samuel Taylor Coleridge

      ,

      David hume

      ,

      Immanuel Kant

      ,

      Thomas de Quincey

      ,

      Adam Smith

      ,

      John Stuart Mill

      ,

      Jacob Grimm

      ,

      Wilhelm Grimm

      ,

      Francis Bacon

      ,

      John Locke

      ,

      Robert Louis Stevenson

      ,

      William Makepeace Thackeray

      ,

      Ralph Waldo Emerson

      ,

      Marcus Aurelius

      ,

      Ernest Renan

      ,

      Gotthold Ephraim Lessing

      ,

      Plato

      ,

      Jean Racine

      ,

      Blaise Pascal

      ,

      Pierre Corneille

      ,

      Plutarch

      ,

      Benvenuto Cellini

      ,

      John Bunyan

      ,

      Aesop

      ,

      Thomas Carlyle

      ,

      Virgil

      ,

      Oliver Wendell Holmes

      ,

      Friedrich von Schiller

      ,

      Marcus Tullius Cicero

      ,

      Thomas Babington Macaulay

      ,

      Richard Henry Dana

      ,

      Sophocles

      ,

      Homer

      ,

      Joseph Addison

      ,

      George Berkeley

      ,

      John Dryden

      ,

      Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

      ,

      Philip Sidney

      ,

      Charles Lamb

      ,

      John Webster

      ,

      Aristophanes

      ,

      Saint Augustine

      ,

      Tacitus

      ,

      James Russell Lowell

      ,

      Edmund Burke

      ,

      Thomas More

      ,

      Alessandro Manzoni

      ,

      Robert Browning

      ,

      Abraham Cowley

      ,

      John Ruskin

      ,

      Ben Jonson

      ,

      Benjamin Franklin

      ,

      Oliver Goldsmith

      ,

      Michael Faraday

      ,

      Niccolo Machiavelli

      ,

      Samuel Johnson

      ,

      Simon Newcomb

      ,

      Ambroise Pare

      ,

      Thomas Malory

      ,

      Herodotus

      ,

      William Harvey

      ,

      Thomas A Kempis

      ,

      Aeschylus

      ,

      Epictetus

      ,

      William Hazlitt

      ,

      Jean Froissart

      ,

      Robert Burns

      ,

      Percy Bysshe Shelley

      ,

      Izaak Walton

      ,

      Hippocrates

      ,

      Sydney Smith

      ,

      Martin Luther

      ,

      John Fletcher

      ,

      Pliny the Younger

      ,

      Richard Brinsley Sheridan

      ,

      William Penn

      ,

      Giuseppe Mazzini

      ,

      George Gordon Byron

      ,

      Edgar Alan Poe

      ,

      Richard Steele

      ,

      Leigh Hunt

      ,

      Walter Raleigh

      ,

      Francis Drake

      ,

      Charles W. Eliot

      ,

      Philip Nichols

      ,

      Francis Pretty

      ,

      Walter Bigges

      ,

      Edward Haies

      ,

      William Henry Harrison

      ,

      Miguel de Cervantes

      ,

      William Roper

      ,

      Archibald Geikie

      ,

      Thomas Dekker

      ,

      John Woolman

      ,

      Thomas Browne

      ,

      Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve

      ,

      Joseph Lister

      ,

      Louis Pasteur

      ,

      Philip Massinger

      ,

      Francis Beaumont

      ,

      David Garrick

      ,

      Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholtz

      y

      William A. Neilson

      $4.99

      Medios de pago

        The Complete Harvard Classics - All 51 Volumes in One Edition

        Editorial: e-artnow

        Idioma: Inglés

        ISBN: 4057664159571

        Formatos: ePub (con DRM de Adobe)

        Compatibles con: Windows, Mac, iOS, Android & eReaders

        $4.99

        Medios de pago
          Sinopsis
          e-artnow presents to you this meticulously edited and formatted collection of Dr. Eliot:V. 1: Franklin, Woolman & PennV. 2: Plato, Epictetus & Marcus AureliusV. 3: Bacon, Milton's Prose, BrowneV. 4 Complete Poems by John MiltonV. 5: Essays & English Traits by EmersonV. 6: Poems and Songs by Robert BurnsV. 7: The Confessions of Saint Augustine & The Imitation of ChristV. 8: Nine Greek Dramas V. 9: Letters & Treatises of Cicero and PlinyV. 10: The Wealth of NationsV. 11: The Origin of SpeciesV. 12: Lives of the Noble Grecians and RomansV. 13: AeneidV. 14: Don QuixoteV. 15: Bunyan & WaltonV. 16: Stories from the Thousand and One NightsV. 17: Folklore & Fable: Aesop, Grimm & AndersenV. 18: Modern English DramaV. 19: Goethe & Marlowe: Faust…V. 20: The Divine ComedyV. 21: I Promessi SposiV. 22: The OdysseyV. 23: Two Years Before the MastV. 24: Edmund Burke: French Revolution…V. 25: J. S. Mill & T. Carlyle: Autobiography, Essays..V. 26: Continental DramaV. 27: English Essays: Sidney to MacaulayV. 28: Essays: English and AmericanV. 29: The Voyage of the BeagleV. 30: Scientific PapersV. 31: The Autobiography of Benvenuto CelliniV. 32: Literary and Philosophical EssaysV. 33: Voyages & TravelsV. 34: French & English PhilosophersV. 35: Chronicle and RomanceV. 36: Machiavelli, Roper, More, LutherV. 37: Locke, Berkeley, HumeV. 38: Harvey, Jenner, Lister, PasteurV. 39: Prefaces and Prologues to Famous BooksV. 40: English Poetry 1: from Chaucer to GrayV. 41: English Poetry 2: from Collins to FitzgeraldV. 42: English Poetry 3: from Tennyson to WhitmanV. 43: American Historical DocumentsV. 44: Sacred Writings 1: Confucian, Hebrew & ChristianV. 45: Sacred Writings 2: Christian, Buddhist, Hindu & MohammedanV. 46: Elizabethan Drama 1: Marlowe & ShakespeareV. 47: Elizabethan Drama 2: Dekker, Jonson, Webster, Massinger, Beaumont and FletcherV. 48: Thoughts, Letters & Minor Works of PascalV. 49: Epic and SagaV. 50: The Editor's Introduction & Reader's GuideV. 51: Lectures
          Acerca de Pedro Calderón de la Barca

          Calderón de la Barca estudia con los jesuitas y completa su formación en las universidades de Alcalá de Henares y Salamanca. Participa en varias campañas militares al servicio del duque del Infantado. En 1651 se ordena sacerdote, residiendo en Toledo y más tarde en Madrid como capellán. Dedicado a la literatura, poesía y drama, es una de las figuras cumbre de la literatura universal, autor de éxito en el Siglo de Oro de las letras españolas y uno de los escritores favoritos de la corte, para quien escribe sus primeros títulos. El alcalde de Zalamea, La vida es sueño, El médico de su honra, El gran teatro del mundo y La cena del rey Baltasar son algunas de sus obras más destacadas.

          Acerca de Dante Alighieri

          Dante Alighieri fue un poeta italiano. Su obra maestra, Divina Comedia, es una de las obras fundamentales de la transición del pensamiento medieval al renacentista. Es considerada la obra maestra de la literatura italiana y una de las cumbres de la literatura universal. En italiano es conocido como "el Poeta Supremo". A Dante también se le llama el "Padre del idioma" italiano. Participó activamente en las luchas políticas de su tiempo, por lo cual fue desterrado de su ciudad natal. Fue un activo defensor de la unidad italiana. Escribió varios tratados en latín sobre literatura, política y filosofía.

          Acerca de Hans Christian Andersen

          Hans Christian Andersen nació en Dinamarca en 1805. Hijo de una familia humilde (padre zapatero y madre lavandera) muy pronto dejó los estudios para empezar a leer todas las obras que estaban a su alcance. Decidido a ser cantante de ópera, se trasladó a Copenhague en 1819, pero no triunfó. Intentó también dedicarse a la danza pero tampoco tuvo éxito. En 1827 logró que se publicara un poema suyo, y desde entonces fue enviando a los periódicos sus crónicas viajeras. En 1834 se trasladó a Roma, donde encontró inspiración para esos cuentos para niños que en poco tiempo se convirtieron en un éxito. No obstante se esforzara por triunfar en el campo de la novela, fueron los cuentos infantiles (que él amaba recitar en voz alta) los que lo convirtieron en un clásico de la literatura. Murió en Copenhague en 1875, después de vivir una vida donde la escritura y los viajes ocupaban la mayor parte de su tiempo.

          Acerca de Daniel Defoe

          Daniel Defoe nació en 1660 en Londres, hijo de un fabricante de velas presbiteriano. Estudió en la Academia Presbiteriana para Disidentes de Newington Greene, donde recibió una educación basada en lenguas modernas y conocimientos científicos, muy alejada de los patrones clásicos. Se estableció corno comerciante y conoció la prosperidad tanto como la quiebra. Interesado por la política, escribió algunas sátiras y en 1697 publicó su primera obra extensa, An Essay Upon Projects. Prestó servicios al gobierno whig del rey Guillermo III y ocupó un cargo en Hacienda. Su poema satírico The True-Born Englishman (1701) fue un éxito, pero su irónico ataque a la intolerancia de la Iglesia Anglicana en The Shortest Way with the Dissenters (1703), ya durante el reinado de Ana Estuardo y bajo gobierno tory, le valió una pena de prisión. Acogido a la protección de un político tory, Robert Harley, escribió durante nueve años la gaceta de la que éste era propietario, la Review. Compuso en 1703 el que se considera el primer reportaje moderno, The Storm, sobre una gran tormenta que asoló el sur de Inglaterra. Defoe no escribió su primera obra de ficción hasta 1719, pero con ella creó un mito universal: Robinson Crusoe. A ésta siguieron Moll Flanders y Diario del año de la peste en 1722, y Roxane en 1724. Murió en Londres en 1731.

          Acerca de Charles Darwin

          Charles Darwin (El Monte, Shrewsbury, 1809 - Downe, 1882). Charles Robert Darwin fue un naturalista inglés que postuló que todas las especies de seres vivos han evolucionado con el tiempo a partir de un antepasado común, mediante un proceso denominado selección natural. La evolución fue aceptada como un hecho por la comunidad científica y por buena parte del público en vida de Darwin, mientras que su teoría de la evolución mediante selección natural no fue considerada como la explicación primaria del proceso evolutivo hasta los años treinta. Actualmente constituye la base de la síntesis evolutiva.

          Acerca de William Shakespeare

          William Shakespeare fue un dramaturgo y poeta inglés, considerado uno de los más grandes escritores de todos los tiempos. Hijo de un comerciante de lanas, se casó muy joven con una mujer mayor que él, Anne Hathaway.  Se trasladó a Londres, donde adquirió fama y popularidad en su trabajo; primero bajo la protección del conde de Southampton, y más adelante en la compañía de teatro de la que él mismo fue copropietario, Lord Chamberlain's Men, que más  tarde se llamó King's Men, cuando Jacobo I la tomó bajo su mecenazgo. Su obra es un compendio de los sentimientos, el dolor y las ambiciones del alma humana, donde destaca la fantasía y el sentido poético de sus comedias, y el detalle realista y el tratamiento de los personajes en sus grandes tragedias. De entre sus títulos destacan Hamlet, Romeo y Julieta, Otelo, El rey Lear, El sueño de una noche de verano, Antonio y Cleopatra, Julio César y La tempestad.Shakespeare ocupa una posición única en el mundo, pues sus obras siguen siendo leídas e interpretadas en todo el mundo.

          Acerca de Jonathan Swift

          Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) ha sido durante mucho tiempo víctima de una leyenda negra: se decía que se había vuelto loco, quizá para no tener que tomar en serio las críticas a la sociedad y la humanidad que aparecen en su obra. Irlandés, de la minoría inglesa dominante, fue sin embargo un gran defensor del pueblo de su país, mayoritariamente pobre y católico. Swift fue eclesiástico anglicano e intervino mucho en la defensa de sus colegas en Irlanda. Al fin, para alejarlo de Londres, lo nombraron deán en Dublín. El genio satírico de Swift no se hace patente solo en Los viajes de Gulliver, sino también en otros muchos de sus escritos polémicos, como la célebre Modesta proposición para acabar con los niños pobres irlandeses por el simple método de comérselos.

          Acerca de Thomas Hobbes

          Thomas Hobbes  fue un filósofo, científico e historiador inglés, conocido sobre todo por su filosofía política, articulada en este libro, Leviatán (1651), que constituye su obra maestra. Pero sus intereses fueron muy amplios. En filosofía, defendió varios puntos de vista materialistas, nominalistas y empíricos, siempre en contra de las alternativas cartesianas y aristotélicas. En física, su trabajo influyó en Leibniz, y le supuso disputas con Boyle y los experimentalistas de la primera Royal Society. Además de su propia obra como científico, realizó una gran labor de sistematización de los hallazgos científicos de sus contemporáneos, entre ellos Galileo y Johannes Kepler. En historia, tradujo al inglés Historia de la Guerra del Peloponeso de Tucídides, y más tarde escribió su propia historia de la guerra civil inglesa en Behemoth. Y como matemático, es recordado por sus repetidos e infructuosos intentos de cuadrar el círculo.

          Acerca de Molière

          Molière, seudónimo de Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (París, 1622-1673), dramaturgo y actor francés, está considerado uno de los mayores comediógrafos de la literatura occidental, y es uno de los autores más interpretados. Padre de la Comédie-Française, escribió obras tan legendarias como Tartufo, Don Juan, El misántropo, El médico a palos, El avaro o El enfermo imaginario.

          Acerca de Henry David Thoreau

          Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) was an American author, naturalist, and philosopher. He was a leading figure in the Transcendentalism movement of the mid-1800s and an outspoken abolitionist. A prolific author and essayist, Thoreau is best known as the author of Walden and Civil Disobedience.

          Acerca de Voltaire

          François-Marie Arouet, de sobrenombre Voltaire, nació en París el 21 de noviembre de 1694. Hijo de notario, pronto se dedicó a la escritura y al ensayo filosófico, lo que le convirtió en una de las figuras más relevantes de la Ilustración. Además de sus numerosos ensayos, entre los que cabe destacar Cartas filosóficas (1733), Diccionario filosófico portátil (1764), algunos artículos de la Enciclopedia de Bayle, Diderot y d'Alembert, y la que ha sido considerada como su obra maestra, Cándido (1759), es autor de obras de teatro -OEdipe (1718), Brutus (1730)-, escritos de tono satírico y numerosos cuentos en prosa y verso. Falleció en París el 30 de mayo de 1778.

          Acerca de René Descartes

          Filósofo, matemático y científico francés, René Descartes es considerado el padre de la filosofía Moderna. Se formó estudiando matemáticas, estudios clásicos y escolasticismo y posteriormente Derecho en la Universidad de Poitiers. En 1618 emprendió una carrera militar que le llevó a combatir en la Guerra de los Treinta Años. Tras renunciar a la vida militar, volvió a Francia, donde empezó a realizar investigaciones en óptica y sus primeros estudios sobre Filosofía. En 1628 viajó a Holanda y escribió su primera obra, Ensayos Filosóficos (1637), una obra multidisciplinar que incluye observaciones en óptica, geometría, astronomía. A este ensayo le siguieron Meditaciones metafísicas y Los principios de la Filosofía. Su obra más conocida es Discurso del Método.

          Acerca de John Milton

          John Milton (1608–1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse. Milton's poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day.

          Acerca de Christopher Marlowe

          Christopher Marlowe (c.1564-1593) was a playwright, poet and translator. As a leading Elizabethan tragedian, next to William Shakespeare, he is known for his blank verse, his overreaching protagonists, and his mysterious death.

          Acerca de Michel De Montaigne

          Michel de Montaigne (Saint-Michel-de-Montaigne, Francia, 1533-1592) Nacido en el seno de una familia de comerciantes bordeleses que accedió a la nobleza al comprar la tierra de Montaigne en 1477, fue educado en latín, siguiendo el método pedagógico de su padre. En 1570, abandona sus cargos públicos y se retira a su castillo para meditar y escribir. En 1572 comienza a redactar los Ensayos, cuyos dos primeros volúmenes verían la luz por primera vez en 1580. Tras esa publicación, en su afán de conocer costumbres y usos de otras naciones y culturas, emprende un largo viaje por Suiza, Alemania, Austria e Italia, el cual tuvo que interrumpir al ser elegido alcalde de Burdeos, cargo que ostentó de 1581 a 1585.

          Acerca de Eurípides

          Eurípides (Salamina, 480 - 406 a.C.) es, con Esquilo y Sófocles, uno de los tres grandes poetas trágicos de la antigüedad griega. Reformó la estructura de la tragedia tradicional ática acercando al espectador las motivaciones más íntimas, casi se diría psicológicas, que mueven a sus personajes. Se estima que escribió más de noventa tragedias, pero solo nos han llegado diecinueve, entre la que sobresalen Medea, Hipólito, Electra, Las troyanas, Orestes y Las bacantes. Ramón Irigoyen es autor de doce libros de poesía, narrativa y ensayo y de seis libros de traducciones del griego antiguo y moderno. Sus versiones de Medea y Las troyanas, de Eurípides, las dirigieron e interpretaron, en tres espectáculos distintos, Irene Papas, Núria Espert, Michael Cacoyannis y La Fura dels Baus. Jordi Balló y Xavier Pérez son profesores de comunicación audiovisual en la Universidad Pompeu Fabra de Barcelona. Han escrito, entre otros libros, La semilla inmortal. Los argumentos universales en el cine, una obra de referencia en el estudio comparado de modelos narrativos.

          Acerca de Samuel Taylor Coleridge

          Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) was educated at Christ's Hospital, London and Jesus College, Cambridged. Close collaboration with Wordsworth resulted in joint production of the volume Lyrical Ballads in 1798, which contained Coleridge's 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner', signposting the Romantic movement. After wintering in Germany in 1797-8 he settled in the Lake District, where he wrote the 'Letter' that he turned into 'Dejection: An Ode' (1802). In later years Coleridge turned increasingly to prose, covering philosophical, political, religious and critical subjects, although new poems continued to appear in most years until his death.

          Acerca de David hume

          David Hume is a solicitor at Freehills and a visiting fellow at the University of New South Wales.

          Acerca de Immanuel Kant

          Immanuel Kant nació en Königsberg, en aquel momento parte de la Prusia Oriental, hoy de Rusia, en el año 1724, ciudad en la que murió, en el año 1804, sin haberla apenas abandonado más que por un breve período de tiempo. Después de formarse en el Collegium Fredericianum, de rígida observancia pietista, y en la Universidad de Königsberg, dominada por la influencia de la metafísica racionalista dogmática de Leibniz y Wolff, ejerció de Privat-Dozent en esa misma universidad, desde el año 1755, y sólo a los 46 años obtuvo una plaza de profesor titular. Su primera gran obra, <i>Crítica de la razón pura</i>, apareció en el año 1781 y a partir de esta fecha vieron la luz sus restantes grandes obras: <i>Fundamentación de la metafísica de las costumbres</i> (1785), <i>Crítica de la razón práctica</i> (1788), <i>Crítica del juicio</i> (1790), <i>La religión dentro de los límites de la mera razón</i> (1794), etc. Kant sigue siendo el paradigma del filósofo entregado a un filosofar sistemático sobre el hombre y sus capacidades y, al mismo tiempo, atento a los problemas que suscita la vida en la sociedad de su tiempo. Su vida y carácter han sido objeto de numerosos estudios, en parte dedicados, cuando menos, a matizar la estela de estereotipos que han ido dejando con el tiempo sus rasgos personales más evidentes: su integridad, su extrema regularidad, su entrega tenaz al trabajo, su desapasionamiento. En realidad, Kant mantuvo un sobrio apasionamiento por alguno de los fenómenos y hechos más destacados de su época, y así no dejó de manifestar su simpatía por los ideales de la Independencia americana o la Revolución francesa, en definitiva, por los ideales puestos en marcha por la Ilustración, tema al que se dedican los escritos reunidos en este volumen.

          Acerca de Thomas de Quincey

          Thomas De Quincey was born on 15 August 1789 in Manchester, the son of an affluent cloth merchant. He ran away from the Manchester Grammar school aged 17 and travelled in poverty in Wales and London before being reconciled with his family. He then attended Oxford University, where he first began to take opium. Despite excelling at his studies, De Quincey left university without completing his degree and married Margaret Simpson, the daughter of a local farmer. Having exhausted his inheritance, partly due to his addiction to opium, De Quincey found work as a journalist and wrote prolifically on various subjects for numerous publications. Confessions of a English Opium-Eater was published in the London Magazine in 1821 and found instant success. He went on to write several novels and biographies, and his unusual autobiographical style made his work extremely popular on both sides of the Atlantic. When De Quincey's wife Margaret died in 1837, his opium addiction worsened and he moved away from London to Scotland to relieve his straitened finances. He died in Edinburgh on 8 December 1859

          Acerca de Adam Smith

          Adam Smith FRSE (baptised June 5, 1723 O.S. / June 16 N.S. - July 17, 1790) was a Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneering political economist. He is also the founder of economics. One of the key figures of the intellectual movement known as the Scottish Enlightenment, he is known primarily as the author of two treatises: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter was one of the earliest attempts to systematically study the historical development of industry and commerce in Europe, as well as a sustained attack on the doctrines of mercantilism. Smith's work helped to create the modern academic discipline of economics and provided one of the best-known intellectual rationales for free trade, capitalism, and libertarianism. Adam Smith is now depicted on the back of the Bank of England £20 note.The productivity of free exchange:Smith showed that this vast 'mercantilist' edifice was folly. He argued that in a free exchange, both sides became better off. Quite simply, nobody would trade if they expected to lose from it. The buyer profits, just as the seller does. Imports are just as valuable to us as our exports are to others. Because trade benefits both sides, said Smith, it increases our prosperity just as surely as do agriculture or manufacture. A nation's wealth is not the quantity of gold and silver in its vaults, but the total of its production and commerce - what today we would call gross national product. The Wealth of Nations deeply influenced the politicians of the time and provided the intellectual foundation of the great nineteenth-century era of free trade and economic expansion. Even today the common sense of free trade is accepted worldwide, whatever the practical difficulties of achieving it.Social order based on freedom:Smith had a radical, fresh understanding of how human societies actually work. He realised that social harmony would emerge naturally as human beings struggled to find ways to live and work with each other. Freedom and self-interest need not produce chaos, but - as if guided by an 'invisible hand' - order and concord. And as people struck bargains with each other, the nation's resources would be drawn automatically to the ends and purposes that people valued most highly. So a prospering social order did not need to be controlled by kings and ministers. It would grow, organically, as a product of human nature. It would grow best in an open, competitive marketplace, with free exchange and without coercion. The Wealth Of Nations was therefore not just a study of economics but a survey of human social psychology: about life, welfare, political institutions, the law, and morality.The psychology of ethics:It was not The Wealth Of Nations which first made Smith's reputation, but a book on ethics, The Theory Of Moral Sentiments. Once again, Smith looks to social psychology to discover the foundation of human morality. Human beings have a natural 'sympathy' for others. That enables them to understand how to moderate their behaviour and preserve harmony. And this is the basis of our moral ideas and moral actions.

          Acerca de John Stuart Mill

          John Stuart Mill (Londres, 20 de mayo de 1806-Aviñón, Francia, 8 de mayo de 1873) fue un filósofo, político y economista inglés representante de la escuela económica clásica y teórico del utilitarismo, planteamiento ético propuesto por su padrino Jeremy Bentham, que sería recogido y difundido con profusión por Stuart Mill.

          Acerca de Jacob Grimm

          Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm (1785-1863) collected and published Germanic and European folk and fairy tales during the early to mid 19th century. Some of the world’s most classic and beloved stories have been published by them, including "Rumplestiltskin," "Snow White," "Sleeping Beauty," "Rapunzel," "Cinderella," "Hansel and Gretel," and many more. Margaret Hunt lives in England.

          Acerca de Francis Bacon

          Francis Bacon was born in London in 1561. A powerful member of Parliament and lord chancellor under King James I, he was among the first of the English philosophers. He died in 1626.Stephen Jay Gould is the Alexander Agassiz professor of zoology and professor of geology at Harvard and the Vincent Astor visiting professor of biology at New York University. Recent books include Full House, Dinosaur in a Haystack, and Questioning the Millennium. He lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and New York City.

          Acerca de John Locke

          John Locke (Wrington, Somerset, 1632 - Essex, 1704) fue un filósofo y médico inglés, considerado como uno de los más influyentes pensadores del empirismo inglés y conocido como el Padre del Liberalismo Clásico.

          Acerca de Robert Louis Stevenson

          <p>Robert Louis Stevenson nació en Edimburgo en 1850, hijo de un próspero ingeniero de una familia de constructores de faros. Aunque de él se esperaba que siguiera la profesión familiar, se le permitió estudiar Derecho; pero, al terminar la carrera en 1875, tenía ya muy clara su vocación de escritor. Aquejado ya por entonces de una enfermedad respiratoria de la que nunca se desprendería, viajó por Francia y conoció el mundo literario y artístico. Sus primeros libros fueron precisamente crónicas de viaje: <i>An Inland Voyage</i> (1876) y <i>Viajes con una burra</i> (1879). Enamorado de la norteamericana Fanny Osborne, cruzó el Atlántico y todo el continente hasta California para casarse con ella, según dejaría constancia en <i>El emigrante por gusto</i> (1894) y su continuación, <i>Across the Plains</i> (1894). Sin embargo, fue el universo de sus ficciones el que cautivó a su siglo y, desde entonces, a la posteridad: entre sus inolvidables creaciones cabe mencionar los relatos recogidos en <i>Las nuevas mil y una noches</i> (1882), las novelas <i>La isla del tesoro</i> (1883), <i>La flecha negra</i> (1883) o <i>Secuestrado</i> (1886), y la novela corta <i>El doctor Jekyll y el señor Hyde</i> (1886). Constante viajero, a la vez por espíritu de aventura y por motivos de salud, se instalaría en 1889 en Upolu, una isla de los Mares del Sur. De esa época son <i>Los traficantes de naufragios</i> (1892), <i>Bajamar</i> (1894) y los ensayos de <i>En los mares del Sur</i> (1894). Murió en 1894 y fue enterrado en la cima del monte Vaea.</p>

          Acerca de William Makepeace Thackeray

          William Makepeace Thackeray (Alipur, Calcuta, India, 18 de julio de 1811 - Londres, Inglaterra, 24 de diciembre de 1863) fue un novelista inglés del realismo.Thackeray es reconocido por su estilo en el retrato de los personajes y el empleo de la sátira. Posee un humor irónico corrosivo y un estilo realista y hábil en la estructura argumental.

          Acerca de Ralph Waldo Emerson

          Ralph Waldo Emerson (Boston, 1803 - Concord, 1882). Escritor, filósofo y poeta estadounidense. Líder del trascendentalismo a principios del siglo xix, sus enseñanzas contribuyeron al desarrollo del movimiento del Nuevo Pensamiento, a mediados del mismo siglo. Tras graduarse en Harvard y estudiar allí Teología, se ordenó pastor unitario, pero renunció al sacerdocio tres años después, influido por la muerte de su mujer. Otros grandes pensadores, como Nathaniel Hawthorne y Henry David Thoreau, fueron sus discípulos, y poetas y filósofos, como Whitman o Nietzsche, reconocieron su pensamiento.

          Acerca de Marcus Aurelius

          Marcus Aurelius (121-180 AD) was the Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, and was the last of what are considered The Five Good Emperors of Rome. Notable achievements during his reign include defeating a Parthian Empire, winning the fight against the Samaritans' in the Macromannic Wars, and chronicling his views on stoic philosophy in personal journals now referred to as Meditations.

          Acerca de Ernest Renan

          Joseph Ernest Renan (1823–1892) was a French expert of Middle Eastern ancient languages and civilizations, philosopher, and writer. He is best known for his influential historical works on early Christianity and his political theories, especially concerning nationalism and national identity.

          Acerca de Plato

          James H. Nichols, Jr., is Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College. His published work includes a translation of Alexandre Kojeve's Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, also from Cornell.

          Acerca de Jean Racine

          Geoffrey Alan Argent is an independent scholar residing in Pennsylvania. He has received a 2011 American Book Award for The Fratricides, the first volume of The Complete Plays of Jean Racine.

          Acerca de Blaise Pascal

          Blaise Pascal nació en Clermont-Ferrand, Francia, el 19 de junio de 1623 y murió en París el 19 de agosto de 1662. Fue matemático, físico y filósofo, considerado un prodigio desde la más temprana infancia. Debemos a su intelecto la construcción de máquinas calculadoras y el invento del barómetro. También le debemos su fervorosa defensa del método científico, sus tratados en torno a la geometría proyectiva e incluso sus estudios en torno a la teoría de probabilidades que marcan su influencia en el moderno estudio de la economía. Sin embargo, luego de una luminosa experiencia mística durante la noche del 23 de noviembre de 1654, Pascal abandonó sus estudios científicos y se consagró a la reflexión filosófica y teológica hasta su temprana muerte, a la edad de treinta y nueve años.

          Acerca de Pierre Corneille

          Tony Kushner's plays include A Bright Room Called Day and Slavs!; as well as adaptations of Corneille's The Illusion, Ansky's The Dybbuk, Brecht's The Good Person of Szecguan and Goethe's Stella. Current projects include: Henry Box Brown or The Mirror of Slavery; and two musical plays: St. Cecilia or The Power of Music and Caroline or Change. His collaboration with Maurice Sendak on an American version of the children's opera, Brundibar, appeared in book form Fall 2003. Kushner grew up in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and he lives in New York.

          Acerca de Plutarch

          Plutarch's life spanned the second half of the 1st century AD. He was highly educated in rhetoric and philosophy at Athens but his deep interest in religion led him to Delphi, where he was eventually appointed to a priesthood. He travelled, most crucially to Rome, where he lectured and made friends of considerable influence. He wrote and taught throughout his life.

          Acerca de John Bunyan

          Bunyan was born in 1628 in the heart of England, a mile south of Bedford a few years before the English Civil War. His family was so poor that when his father died, John was left only one shilling and his tinker's anvil. The boy had little formal education. However, he learned to read and feasted on medieval romances in which valiant knights underwent great trials and conquered villains and monsters. In youth he boasted a mouth so profane it shocked even wicked men. Additionally, he loved to dance, bell-ring and lead Sunday sports, all considered improper by Puritans. Although he attended church, he had little religious feeling.

          Acerca de Aesop

          The Greek fabulist Aesop is thought to have lived from 620 to 560 BC. Legend depicts him as a slave with a gift for talking his way out of trouble or punishment, often reciting his fables to illustrate an injustice or human folly. He is also often described as having many physical deformities and a speech impediment. Mentioned by other classical writers such as Herodotus and Aristotle, Aesop is believed to have died by being thrown off a cliff in punishment for stealing a precious goblet.

          Acerca de Thomas Carlyle

          Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881) was a Scottish essayist, historian, satirist, and political thinker. He became influential for Victorians because his writing reflected Calvinist values but also a loss of faith, which paralleled the community's changing scientific and political views.

          Acerca de Virgil

          Publius Vergilius Maro, or Virgil, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues, the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid.

          Acerca de Oliver Wendell Holmes

          Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809-1894) was an American physician and author whose essays were published regularly in The Atlantic Monthly—a magazine he named, and which still thrives today. As a doctor, Holmes was an influential early proponent of the germ disease of contagion, and pressed for the training of women and African American physicians.

          Acerca de Friedrich von Schiller

          Friedrich von Schiller, dramatist, poet, novelist, translator and historian, was born in 1759 and died in Weimar in 1805.

          Acerca de Marcus Tullius Cicero

          Cicero was a preeminent Roman statesman, orator, and philosopher who introduced philosophy into Rome, and through Rome, into Christendom and the modern world.

          Acerca de Thomas Babington Macaulay

          Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859) was a liberal Whig who served in Parliament and the cabinet. Involved in the Anti-Slavery and Parliamentary Reform movements, he was a key person in getting the 1832 Reform Bill passed. His most famous work is the five-volume History of England, and he also wrote the important works Mill on Government, Sadler’s Law of Population, and the three-volume Critical, Historical and Miscellaneous Essays and Poems.

          Acerca de Richard Henry Dana

          Rod Scher received his M.Ed from the University of Oregon. A longtime boating enthusiast, writer, and former English teacher, he is an editor for Smart Computing Magazine. He lives in Lincoln, Nebraska.

          Acerca de Sophocles

          Peter J. Ahrensdorf is James Sprunt Professor of Political Science and Affiliated Professor of Classics at Davidson College. He is the author of Homer on the Gods and Human Virtue: Creating the Foundations of Classical Civilization, Greek Tragedy and Political Philosophy: Rationalism and Religion in Sophocles' Theban Plays, and The Death of Socrates and the Life of Philosophy: An Interpretation of Plato's Phaedo.Thomas L. Pangle is Joe R. Long Chair in Democratic Studies in the Department of Government and Co-Director of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Study of Core Texts and Ideas at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of many books, most recently Aristotle’s Teaching in The Politics, and editor of books including The Roots of Political Philosophy: Ten Forgotten Socratic Dialogues, also from Cornell. Ahrensdorf and Pangle are coauthors of Justice among Nations: On the Moral Basis of Power and Peace.

          Acerca de Homer

          Best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homer was an ancient Greek philosopher and teacher. Regarded as the first, and best, of the epic poets, he is attributed with writing the first known literature of Europe. Scholars do not know his definite birth and death dates, but some speculate his writings go as far back as 850 BCE or later.

          Acerca de John Dryden

          John Dryden (1631-1700). An elegant and witty writer, poet laureate from 1668, Dryden was on of the majordramatists, critics and poets of his age.

          Acerca de Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

          Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) nació en Frankfurt am Main. Comenzó sus estudios de derecho en Leipzig, que tuvo que abandonar a causa de una enfermedad durante la cual, afincado en Frankfurt, se interesó por campos tan dispares como la filosofía ocultista, la astrología y la alquimia. En 1770 se trasladó a Estrasburgo para continuar estudiando derecho, y fue allí donde conoció a Friederike Brion, modelo para los personajes femeninos de sus obras, y al filósofo y crítico literario Johann Gottfried Herder, responsable directo del abandono por parte de Goethe de los preceptos del clasicismo francés por la expresión directa de las emociones, que desembocaría en la colaboración en Sobre el estilo y el arte alemán (1773), manifiesto del movimiento Sturm und Drang, germen del romanticismo alemán. Al año siguiente publicó Los sufrimientos del joven Werther, considerada como la primera novela representativa de la literatura moderna. En 1775 Carlos Augusto, heredero del ducado Sajonia-Weimar, le invitó a vivir y trabajar en la capital, uno de los centros literarios e intelectuales de Alemania, en lo que fue una época crucial para el desarrollo y la madurez tanto literaria como intelectual de Goethe, que vivió en Weimar hasta su muerte. Allí comenzó la composición de algunas de sus obras más famosas, como Ifigenia en Táuride (1786) y Fausto, poema dramático que sometería a cambios después de su estancia en Italia de 1786 a 1788 y cuya primera parte publicó en 1808 (y revisó continuamente hasta pocos años antes de morir). También terminó las obras dramáticas que fundarían el clasicismo alemán: Egmont (1775) y Torquato Tasso (1789). A su regreso a Weimar escribió, entre otras obras capitales, los poemas de Elegías romanas (1795) y Diván de Oriente y Occidente (1819), el poema épico Hermann y Dorotea (1797), las novelas Los años de aprendizaje de Wilhelm Meister (1796), Las afinidades electivas (1809), Los años itinerantes de Wilhelm Meister (1821), el libro Viaje a Italia (1816), su autobiografía Poesía y verdad (1811-1833), y la segunda parte de su poema dramático Fausto, publicada póstumamente en 1832.

          Acerca de Philip Sidney

          Sir Philip Sidney (1554 -- 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Age'smost prominent figures. Famous in his day in England as a poet, courtier and soldier, he remains known as a writer of sonnets.

          Acerca de Charles Lamb

          Los hermanos Charles (1775-1834) y Mary Lamb (1764-1847), hijos de un escribiente y un ama de llaves, fueron educados con pocos recursos y vivieron marcados por un terrible suceso protagonizado por Mary en 1796: en un arrebato de locura, mató a su madre e hirió a su padre. A partir de entonces, Charles asumió la tutela de su hermana, que vivió oscilando entre períodos de enajenación y de lucidez. En 1806 ambos hermanos escribieron juntos Cuentos de Shakespeare a instancias de un librero. Este encargo marcó el inicio de una fructífera colaboración de la que nacieron otras obras conjuntas, como la serie de relatos La escuela de la señora Leicester (1808), Las aventuras de Ulises (1808) o una colección de Poemas para niños (1809) que Mary recopiló con la ayuda de su hermano. Por su parte, Charles se convirtió en un celebrado ensayista y crítico literario que, además, publicó poesía, dramas y farsas. De entre sus obras cabe destacar Los ensayos de Elia (1823), Popular Fallacies (1828) y Last Essays of Elia (1833).

          Acerca de John Webster

          John Webster is Emeritus Professor of Animal Husbandry at the University of Bristol. Author of the widely acclaimed Animal Welfare: A Cool Eye Towards Eden and Animal Welfare: Limping Towards Eden, he is the founding father of the Bristol Animal Behaviour and Welfare Science group that has gathered evidence and pioneered the arguments necessary to achieve improved welfare standards for veal calves, broiler chickens, laying hens and dairy cows.UFAW is an internationally recognised, independent, scientific and educational animal welfare charity concerned with improving knowledge and understanding of animals' needs in order to promote high standards of welfare for farm, companion, laboratory, captive wild animals and those with which we interact in the wild.

          Acerca de Aristophanes

          Often referred to as the father of comedy, Aristophanes was an ancient Greek comedic playwright who was active in ancient Athens during the fourth century BCE, both during and after the Peloponnesian War. His surviving plays collectively represent most of the extant examples of the genre known as Old Comedy and serve as a foundation for future dramatic comedy in Western dramatic literature. Aristophanes' works are most notable for their political satire, and he often ridiculed public figures, including, most famously, Socrates, in his play The Clouds. Aristophanes is also recognized for his realistic representations of daily life in Athens, and his works provide an important source to understand the social reality of life in Ancient Greece. Aristophanes died sometime after 386 BCE of unknown causes.

          Acerca de Saint Augustine

          St. Augustine of Hippo (354–430) was an early Christian philosopher and church father whose writings heavily influenced the development of Western Christian philosophy. Born in the Roman province of Numidia (now Algiers), he was drawn to Manichaeism, and later to neo-Platonism. After fathering a child out of wedlock at age eighteen, he became a celibate priest and later became the bishop of Hippo Regius in north Africa. It was then that he began writing the works that would become iconic touchstones of early Christian thought, including The City of God, On Christian Doctrine and Confessions.

          Acerca de Tacitus

          Shelby Foote, novelist, historian, and playwright, authored The Civil War, a three-volume narrative that is one of the greatest works of twentieth-century history. He lives in Memphis.

          Acerca de James Russell Lowell

          James Russell Lowell (1819-1891) was an American poet, critic, and diplomat. A strong opponent of slavery, he wrote steadfastly in support of Lincoln and the Union cause in the pages of the North American Review, which he co-edited with Charles Eliot Norton. Later in life, he served as American ambassador to Spain and then England.

          Acerca de Edmund Burke

          Edmund Burke (1729-1797) was a British political philosopher and member of parliament. He is regarded as the founder of modern conservatism. A champion of liberty, Burke advocated redress for the American colonists in their disputes with the Crown, and supported the aims of the American Revolution, but he was a early and eloquent opponent of the French Revolution.

          Acerca de Robert Browning

          Robert Browning (1812-1889) was born in Camberwell, London, the son of a clerk in the Bank of England. The strongest influence on his education were the books in his father's extensive library, particularly the writings of Byron and Shelley. His dramatic poem Paracelsus, published in 1835, established his reputation and brought him the friendship of the actor-manager William Macready. When Macready's eldest son Willie was ill in bed, Browning wrote for the boy's entertainment the poem of The Pied Piper, a story he remembered from his own childhood. After its appearance in print in 1842, it became a children's classic, attracting new illustrators in every generation.In 1846 Robert Browning married a fellow poet, Elizabeth Barrett, eloping with her to Italy where they lived until Elizabeth's death in 1861. He them returned to England to live with his only sister Sarianna, but later he went back to Italy, where he died at the Rezzonico Palace in Venice.Peter Washington is the editor of many of the Everyman's Library Pocket Poets, including Love Poems, and is the author of Madame Blavatsky's Baboon: A History of the Mystics, Mediums, and Misfits Who Brought Spiritualism to America.

          Acerca de John Ruskin

          John Ruskin (1819-1900) was an acclaimed English poet and artist, as well as an influential critic of art and society. He wrote on topics ranging from geology and botany to politics, architecture, art, and literature. Ruskin influenced the Gothic Revival and did much to popularize high art.

          Acerca de Ben Jonson

          Ben Jonson was born in 1572, the posthumous son of a minister and was educated at Westminster School thanks to an unknown patron. In 1597, after brief careers as a bricklayer and soldier, he began to work for Henslowe's company as a player and playwright. In addition to the comedies Jonson also produced two tragedies. In 1616 he was granted a royal pension and was made, in effect, Poet Laureate. He died on 6 August 1637. Michael Jamieson has taught at the University of Rome and the University of California. He has published a study of As You Like It and articles on Elizabethan acting and on modern theatres for Shakespeare.

          Acerca de Benjamin Franklin

          Benjamin Franklin was a writer, inventor, political theorist, diplomat, and Founding Father of the United States. He wrote under the pen name of Poor Richard from 1732 to 1757.

          Acerca de Michael Faraday

          Michael Faraday is considered by many to be the father of electrochemistry. A self-taught scientist, he was introduced to the fields of chemistry and electricity through reading the books that came into the bookbinding shop in which he was an apprentice. Intrigued by the field, he performed the experiments he read about, and went on to become a laboratory assistant for Sir Humphrey Davy at the Royal Institution. Furthering his self-education, he read works by Dr. Isaac Watts, who significantly influenced Faraday’s thought process and research method. Faraday went on to create the first device that converted mechanical energy to electrical energy, and, in fact, all electric generators today are based on his discoveries. Additionally, he holds numerous achievements in chemistry, such as his discovery of benzene and the liquefaction of chlorine.

          Acerca de Niccolo Machiavelli

          Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli (3 May 1469 – 21 June 1527) was a Florentine historian, politician, diplomat, philosopher, humanist, and writer. He has often been called the founder of modern political science. He was for many years a senior official in the Florentine Republic, with responsibilities in diplomatic and military affairs. He also wrote comedies, carnival songs, and poetry. His personal correspondence is renowned in the Italian language. He was secretary to the Second Chancery of the Republic of Florence from 1498 to 1512, when the Medici were out of power. He wrote his most renowned work The Prince (Il Principe) in 1513.

          Acerca de Samuel Johnson

          Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) fue el autor del primer gran Diccionario de la lengua inglesa (1755); además fue crítico, ensayista y teórico del lenguaje. Entre otras obras escribió Vidas de los poetas ingleses (1779-1781) y Viaje a las islas occidentales de Escocia (1775). El libro que le dio la fama en todo el continente europeo fue La historia de Rasselas, príncipe de Abisinia (1759), considerada por muchos como una obra maestra de la literatura universal.

          Acerca de Thomas Malory

          No one knows for sure who the author of Le Morte D'Arthur was, but it's widely thought that it was Sir Thomas Malory, who was born in the first quarter of the fifteenth century, and who spent the greatest part of his last twenty years in prison.

          Acerca de Herodotus

          Herodotus (c.490 BC - c.420 BC) was an Ionian traveller and storyteller. He was exiled from Helicarnassus after his involvement in an unsuccessful coup d'etat against the ruling dynasty and undertook some of the many journeys described in his Histories. He is often still known by the title, first given to him by Cicero, of the 'Father of History'.

          Acerca de William Harvey

          Jarrett A. Carty is an Associate Professor at the Liberal Arts College, Concordia University, Montreal.

          Acerca de Thomas A Kempis

          Thomas à Kempis (ca. 1380-1471) was a German monk and a practical mystic. His classic The Imitation of Christ has long been a favorite of Christians of all denominational backgrounds. It is said that Thomas's book has been the most read of any book other than the Bible.

          Acerca de Aeschylus

          Aeschylus (born at Eleusis, near Athens, c. 525 BC; died at gela, Sicily, 456 BC) was the dramatist who first made Athenian tragedy one of the world's great art forms, though in his epitaph he preferred that he should be remembered as one of those who fought the Persians at Marathon. Although he is said to have written over eighty plays, only seven have survived.Alan H. Sommerstein has been Professor of Greek at the University of Nottingham since 1988. He has written or edited more than thirty books on Ancient Greek language and literature, especially tragic and comic drama, including Aeschylean Tragedy (1996), Greek Drama and Dramatists (2002), and a complete edition of the comedies of Aristophanes with translation and commentary (1980-2003).

          Acerca de Epictetus

          Epictetus (c. 55--135 AD) was a teacher and Greco-Roman philosopher. Originally a slave from Hierapolis in Anatolia (modern Turkey), he was owned for a time by a prominent freedman at the court of the emperor Nero. After gaining his freedom he moved to Nicopolis on the Adriatic coast of Greece and opened a school of philosophy there. His informal lectures (the Discourses) were transcribed and published by his student Arrian, who also composed a digest of Epictetus' teaching known as the Manual (or Enchiridion).

          Acerca de William Hazlitt

          Escritor inglés célebre por sus ensayos humanísticos y por sus críticas literarias. Se le ha considerado como el crítico literario inglés más importante tras Samuel Johnson. De hecho, los textos de Hazlitt y sus reflexiones sobre las obras y los personajes de Shakespeare solo han sido igualados por los de Johnson en cuanto a profundidad, penetración, originalidad e imaginación.

          Acerca de Robert Burns

          Robert Burns was born on January 25, 1759, in South Ayrshire, Scotland, and died in 1796.Gerard Carruthers is Senior Lecturer in Scottish Literature at the University of Glasgow. He is author of Robert Burns and co-editor of English Romanticism and the Celtic World.

          Acerca de Percy Bysshe Shelley

          Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) is one of the great Romantic poets. His pamphlet "The Necessity of Atheism," caused his expulsion from Oxford, but he continued to write shocking works. He is best known for his poems and his dramatic play, "Prometheus Unbound." He died shortly before his thirtieth birthday, having drowned in a storm while sailing off the coast of Italy.

          Acerca de Izaak Walton

          Izaak Walton, one of the earliest English biographers who is best remembered as the author of The Compleat Angler, was born in the parish of St. Mary's, at Stafford, on August 9, 1593. His father, Gervase Walton, was an innkeeper who died when the boy was five. By the time Walton was twenty he was living in London, apprenticed to his brother-in-law, a prosperous clothier. His marriage to Rachel Floud, a relative of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, in 1626 allied him with a prominent clerical family, and as a parishioner at St. Dunstan's Church Walton became a close friend of its vicar, John Donne. Among Walton's earliest surviving literary efforts is an elegy written in 1633 for the initial collection of Donne's poems. The poet-clergyman was the subject of the first of Walton's great biographical essays: Life of Donne served as the preface to the 1640 edition of the minister's sermons and was filled with anecdotes and personal impressions. Over the years Walton's loyalty to the Church of England, coupled with his genius for friendship, inspired him to write biographies of four other eminent theologians: Sir Henry Wotton (1651), Richard Hooker (1665), George Herbert (1670), and Dr. Robert Sanderson (1678). Each is distinguished by the intimacy and vivacity characteristic of the Life of Donne. It is little wonder that Samuel Johnson rated Walton's five Lives among 'his most favourite books.'Walton's reputation as a biographer is overshadowed by the enduring popularity of The Compleat Angler. First published in 1653, during the Civil War that forced Walton and other royalists to flee London, the work is more than an engaging discourse on the art of fishing. It reflects a thoughtful, sensitive Englishman's abiding concern with leading a contemplative life. Indeed, many have read Walton's unique celebration of angling throughout the English countryside as a veiled satire against Cromwell and the Puritans. Four revised editions appeared in the author's lifetime, and The Compleat Angler has enjoyed a wide following ever since. Samuel Johnson praised the book in the eighteenth century as did the Scottish philosopher Lord Home. Later, Charles Lamb recommended >The Compleat Angler to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 'It breathes the very spirit of innocence, purity, and simplicity of heart,' he noted. 'It would sweeten a man's temper at any time to read it; it would Christianise every angry, discordant passion; pray make yourself acquainted with it.'Walton remained active well into old age. The Restoration of Charles II in 1660 returned many of his friends in the Anglican clergy to positions of influence, and they were quick to reciprocate the acts of goodwill he had displayed during Cromwell's reign. Following the death of his second wife in 1662, Walton was employed as steward to the bishop of Worcester. At the bishop's residence of Farnham Castle in Wincester Walton continued to write and revise his published works. In 1676 Walton asked a young follower, the poet Charles Cotton, to furnish a supplement on fly-fishing for the fifth edition of The Compleat Angler, and the two pursued the project at a cottage on the banks of the Dove River in Derbyshire. On August 9, 1683, the inveterate angler marked his ninetieth birthday by drafting a will and securing it with a seal given him by John Donne. Izaak Walton died three months later on December 15, 1683 and was buried at Winchester Cathedral.

          Acerca de Sydney Smith

          Sydney Smith is a NSCAD University graduate living in Halifax. Well-known for his artwork for local musicians, he illustrated The Dread Crew: Pirates of the Backwoods, Mabel Murple (2010), and There Were Monkeys in My Kitchen (2011). His cover art for Migration Songs won Saltyink.com's "Judge a Book By Its Cover" competition.

          Acerca de John Fletcher

          John Fletcher is the author of two gamers' guides to the Wars of South American Independence and has written or collaborated on seven published articles on South American military history. He was inspired to research the period after reading Osprey's The Armies of Bolivar and San Martin (MAA 232). John lives in Los Angeles, California where he is a video editor and band tour manager. He graduated from the University of Nebraska with degrees in History and International Affairs. The author lives in Los Angeles, CA.

          Acerca de Richard Brinsley Sheridan

          In need of funds, Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816) turned to the only craft that could gain him the remuneration he desired in a short time: he began writing a play. He had over the years written and published essays and poems, and among his papers were humorous unfinished plays, essays and political tracts, but never had he undertaken such an ambitious project as this. In a short time, however, he completed The Rivals. He was 23 years old.

          Acerca de William Penn

          William Penn had been writing Quaker defenses for thirty years when this book was published in 1696. As a young convert his writing had been passionate, even intemperate, and was charged with blasphemy and thrown into the Tower of London. In his later years he wrote this book as a short and moderate introduction to Quakerism, aimed at persuading others that Friends had restored Christianity to its original form.

          Acerca de Leigh Hunt

          James Henry Leigh Hunt (1784–1859) was an English critic, essayist, and poet—a central figure of the Romantic movement. He published several volumes of poetry, and was a friend of the poets Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Keats. In addition to his poetry, he is also recognized for his distinguished literary criticism.

          Acerca de Walter Raleigh

          Sir Walter Raleigh was an English professor, actor, poet and writer. Born in London in 1861, Raleigh studied and lectured on English Literature for most of his life, teaching in India at Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College, and at several universities in the United Kingdom, including University College Liverpool, Glasgow University, and Oxford University. At the outset of the First World War, Raleigh changed his career's focus from Romantic era literature and began covering topics relating to the war. Sir Walter Raleigh's best-known work is The War in the Air, which provided coverage on the Royal Air Force's efforts in the war. Raleigh died at the age of 61 from typhoid.

          Acerca de Miguel de Cervantes

          Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) ejerció las más variadas profesiones antes de dedicarse plenamente a la literatura. Entró en Roma al servicio del cardenal Acquaviva, fue soldado en la batalla de Lepanto (1571), estuvo cinco años cautivo en Argel y ejerció como comisario real de abastos para la Armada Invencible. Tales oficios le reportaron una experiencia humana que supo plasmar magistralmente en todas sus obras. De su producción poética cabe destacar Viaje del Parnaso (1614), un verdadero testamento literario y espiritual. En el campo teatral cultivó la tragedia, la tragicomedia, la comedia y el entremés. Pero sin duda es en el terreno de la narrativa donde Cervantes se impuso a sus contemporáneos y obtuvo logros que le valdrían el título de creador de la novela moderna, con libros como La Galatea (1585), El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha (1605), Novelas ejemplares (1613), El ingenioso caballero don Quijote de la Mancha (segunda parte de su obra cumbre, 1615) y, póstumamente, Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda (1617).

          Acerca de Thomas Dekker

          Thomas Dekker is a Dutch former professional cyclist whose talent on the bike quickly took him to the top of the sport. He raced for The Netherlands in the 2004 Summer Olympic Games in Athens, won two Dutch National Time Trial Championships, and captured victories in the 2006 Tirreno-Adriatico and the 2007 Tour of Romandie. He rode for the Dutch Rabobank superteam and then Silence-Lotto before a retroactively tested sample returned positive for EPO. In 2009, Dekker was suspended for two years for the drug violation, and it was later confirmed during Operaction Puerto that Dekker was among the clients of Spanish doctor Eufemiano Fuentes. After his suspension, Dekker joined the American Garmin Development Team and rode for Garmin-Barracuda from 2012-2014. Dekker claims to have ridden clean for Jonathan Vaughters and he became a popular rider in the American peloton. He retired after an attempt on the World Hour Record in 2015.

          Acerca de Thomas Browne

          Thomas Browne (Londres, 1605 - Norwich, 1682) fue médico y ensayista, estudioso de teología y filosofía, ciencias naturales y arte. Fue también un maestro del estilo, admirado por una gran cantidad de autores, de Coleridge a Borges, y ampliamente reconocido como uno de los escritores más importantes y singulares de las letras inglesas. Comenzó sus estudios en Broadgates Hall, uno de los colegios de la Universidad de Oxford, donde obtuvo su título de grado en 1626. Luego los continuó en Montpellier, en Padua, y finalmente en Leiden, donde se doctoró en 1633. De vuelta en Inglaterra, se mudó a Halifax, Yorkshire, para hacer su residencia. La religión de un médico, escrito en 1635, fue fruto de esos años de vida rural y retirada. En 1637, luego de confirmar su título de doctor en Medicina en Oxford, se mudó a Norwich, ciudad en la que tuvo una intensa vida profesional, social e intelectual y en la que vivió hasta su muerte. En 1671 recibió la orden de caballero y pasó a ser sir Thomas Browne. Además de La religión de un médico, cuya primera edición autorizada es de 1643, Thomas Browne publicó Sobre errores vulgares (1646), El enterramiento en urnas (1658) y El jardín de Ciro (1658). Entre sus obras publicadas póstumamente se cuentan Carta a un amigo (1690) y La moral cristiana (1716).

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