Editorial: Musaicum Books
Formatos: ePub (con DRM de Adobe)
Editorial: Musaicum Books
Formatos: ePub (con DRM de Adobe)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (UK 1859-1930) Escritor y médico nacido en Escocia, principalmente conocido por haber creado al famosísimo personaje Sherlock Holmes, el detective más conocido de todos los tiempos, versionado para TV y cine de forma cíclica. Otra gran serie de novelas confeccionadas por Doyle fueron las protagonizadas por el profesor Challenger (El Mundo Perdido), también trasladadas a la ficción audiovisual.
Edgar Allan Poe hijo de unos actores ambulantes de teatro, se quedó huérfano a los dos años. Fue criado por John Allan, un hombre de negocios rico, y educado en Inglaterra y Norteamérica. Su vida universitaria fue rebelde y libertina, en esta época es cuando el poeta empieza a beber, hasta que es expulsado de la Universidad de Virginia por jugador. En 1827 escribió su primer volumen de poesías, Tamerlán, en la que se denota una leve inclinación byroniana. En 1830 lo admitieron en la Academia Militar de West Point, de la que pronto fue expulsado. A partir de entonces se inicia su agitada carrera literaria.Vivía al día, como periodista con un sueldo mediocre, pero estas actividades lo llevaron a conseguir muchos trabajos en calidad de colaborador y posteriormente, llegar a la dirección de numerosos periódicos, entre ellos el Southern Literary Messenger, el cual se convirtió bajo su dirección en el más importante periódico del sur. Por todos estos empleos recibía un sueldo mísero, pero a cambio le daban la oportunidad de publicar sus relatos, lo que le proporcionó fama; sin embargo, la mayor parte del tiempo vivió el la más absoluta miseria, con algunos lapsos de relativa calma.
AMBROSE BIERCE (1842–1914?) was one of nineteenth-century America’s most renowned satirists. The author of short stories, essays, fables, poems, and sketches, he was a popular columnist and wrote for several San Francisco and London newspapers during his forty-year journalism career.
G. K. Chesterton, fue un escritor y periodista británico de inicios del siglo XX. Cultivó, entre otros géneros, el ensayo, la narración, la biografía, la lírica, el periodismo y el libro de viajes.Se han referido a él como el príncipe de las paradojas
Wilkie Collins, hijo del paisajista William Collins, nació en Londres en 1824. Fue aprendiz en una compañía de comercio de té, estudió Derecho, hizo sus pinitos como pintor y actor, y antes de conocer a Charles Dickens en 1851, había publicado ya una biografía de su padre, Memoirs of the Life of William Collins, Esq., R. A. (1848), una novela histórica, Antonina (1850), y un libro de viajes, Rambles Beyond Railways (1851). Pero el encuentro con Dickens fue decisivo para la trayectoria literaria de ambos. Basil (ALBA CLÁSICA núm. VI; ALBA MÍNUS núm.) inició en 1852 una serie de novelas sensacionales, llenas de misterio y violencia pero siempre dentro de un entorno de clase media, que, con su técnica brillante y su compleja estructura, sentaron las bases del moderno relato detectivesco y obtuvieron en seguida una gran repercusión: La dama de blanco (1860), Armadale (1862) o La Piedra Lunar (1868) fueron tan aplaudidas como imitadas. Sin nombre (1862; ALBA CLÁSICA núm. XVII; ALBA CLÁSICA MAIOR núm. XI) y Marido y mujer (1870; ALBA CLÁSICA MAIOR núm. XVI; ALBA MÍNUS núm.), también de este período, están escritas sin embargo con otras pautas, y sus heroínas son mujeres dramáticamente condicionadas por una arbitraria, aunque real, situación legal. En la década de 1870, Collins ensayó temas y formas nuevos: La pobre señorita Finch (1871-1872; ALBA CLÁSICA núm. XXVI; ALBA MÍNUS núm 5.) es un buen ejemplo de esta época. El novelista murió en Londres en 1889, después de una larga carrera de éxitos.
Richard Marsh (1857–1915), born Richard Bernard Heldmann, was a prolific, bestselling author of fiction in the genres of horror, crime, and romance. Marsh began his career by writing adventure stories for magazines, later earning coeditorship of Union Jack magazine. The Beetle's release in 1897 proved to be Marsh's greatest commercial success, followed in 1900 by the publication of The Goddess: A Demon. Marsh went on to amass a bibliography of more than eighty books before his death.
Autor del guión original de King-Kong. Con la aparición de la novela Los cuatro hombres justos dio inicio al moderno género del thriller. Escribió artículos, poesía, crítica teatral, novela, cuentos, cine y teatro. Hijo ilegítimo de un actor, fue bautizado como Edgar Wallace porque su madre usó el personaje ficticio de Walter Wallace para que figurase como padre. Polifacético y viajero, estuvo en contacto con el mundo del crimen de diferentes países: Sudafrica, Marruecos, el Congo,España, Inglaterra… De manera natural se acercó al mundo de la mafia: invitaba a comer a ex-presidiarios, estuvo asociado durante meses con ‘Ringer’ Barrie—un estafador del mundo de las carreras de caballos—y llegó a practicar la estafa por correo con el objetivo de estudiar sus técnicas, plasmadas en el artículo “Yo pude haber sido un delincuente con éxito”. También estuvo encargado de la seguridad del Palacio de Buckingham durante la Primera guerra mundial.
Nacida en Torquay en 1890, Agatha Christie recibió la típica educación victoriana impartida por institutrices en el hogar paterno. Tras la muerte de su padre, se trasladó a París, donde estudió piano y canto. Contrajo matrimonio en 1914 y tuvo una hija, pero su matrimonio terminó en divorcio en 1928. Dos años después, durante un viaje por Oriente Medio conoció al arqueólogo Max Mallowan, con quien se casó ese mismo año; a partir de entonces pasó varios meses al año en Siria e Irak, escenario de Ven y dime cómo vives (Andanzas 50, ahora también en la colección Fábula) y de alguna de sus novelas policiacas, como Asesinato en Mesopotamia o Intriga en Bagdad. Además del gran éxito de que disfrutaron sus célebres novelas, a partir de 1953 ganó celebridad con las adaptaciones teatrales de sus novelas en el West End londinense. En 1971 le fue concedida la distinción de Dame of the British Empire. Murió en 1976.
E. W. Hornung (1866–1921) based his iconic characters—the gentleman thief A. J. Raffles and his sidekick, Bunny Manders—on his friends Oscar Wilde and Lord Alfred Douglas, as well as on his brother-in-law Arthur Conan Doyle's most famous literary creations: Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson. The eighth child of a Hungarian timber and coal merchant, Hornung was a prolific and popular author during his lifetime, publishing in a variety of genres.
Carolyn Wells (1862–1942) was a poet, children's novelist, and author of mysteries. Born in New Jersey, she became famous for writing humorous nonsense verse, which was collected in The Nonsense Anthology (1902). She wrote more than 170 books, including sixty-one starring the detective Fleming Stone.
Alan Alexander Milne (Londres, 1882-Sussex, 1956) era ya un reconocido dramaturgo cuando en 1926 dio a imprenta los primeros y exitosos relatos dedicados al más célebre oso de la literatura infantil, universalizado por las numerosas adaptaciones cinematográficas a cargo de Walt Disney.
Louis Joseph Vance (1879–1933) was an American author best remembered for his novels featuring Michael Lanyard, a reformed jewel thief known as the Lone Wolf. Over the course of eight novels and some two dozen films, the Lone Wolf established himself as one of the most celebrated characters in American popular culture.
E. Phillips Oppenheim (1866-1946) published more than one hundred novels, which were mainly adventure-packed tales of international conspiracies. Among his works are The Man from Sing Sing, Jacob’s Ladder, The Modern Prometheus, and The Pawns Count.
Marie Belloc Lowndes (1868-1947) was a prolific author of fiction, biography, and drama, and the sister of the poet Hilaire Belloc. She is best remembered for The Lodger, a novel of suspense based on the Jack the Ripper murders.
Anna Katharine Green (1846–1935) was an American writer and one of the first authors of detective fiction in the United States. Her book The Leavenworth Case, published in 1878, became a wildly successful bestseller. Green went on to write dozens of mysteries and detective novels. She died in Buffalo, New York.
Mary Roberts Rinehart (1876-1958) was one of the United Statess most popular early mystery authors. Born in Pittsburgh to a clerk at a sewing machine agency, Rinehart trained as a nurse and married a doctor after her graduation from nursing school. She wrote fiction in her spare time until a stock market crash sent her and her young husband into debt, forcing her to lean on her writing to pay the bills. Her first two novels, The Circular Staircase (1908) and The Man in Lower Ten (1909), established her as a bright young talent, and it wasnt long before she was one of the nations most popular mystery novelists.Among her dozens of novels are The Amazing Adventures of Letitia Carberry (1911), which began a six-book series, and The Bat (originally published in 1920 as a play), which was among the inspirations for Bob Kanes Batman. Credited with inventing the phrase The butler did it, Rinehart is often called an American Agatha Christie, even though she began writing much earlier than Christie, and was much more popular during her heyday.
Joseph Smith Fletcher (1863-1935) was a journalist and the author of over 200 books. Born in Halifax, West Yorkshire, he studied law before turning to journalism. His earlier works were either histories or historical fiction, and he was made a fellow of the Royal Historical Society. He didn't start writing mysteries until 1914, though before he died he had written over 100 in the genre.
Erskine Childers was born in Ireland in 1870 of Anglo-Irish parents. Educated at Cambridge, he worked at the House of Commons before volunteering at the outbreak of the South African War. In 1910 Childers resigned his post in the Commons to work for the Irish cause and later did reconnaissance work during WWI. After the war he settled in Ireland and joined the Republican Army at the establishment of the Free State. He was amongst those arrested and shot in the civil war that followed.
Dorothy Leigh Sayers was an English crime writer and poet. She was also a student of classical and modern languages. She is best known for her mysteries, a series of novels and short stories set between the First and Second World Wars that feature English aristocrat and amateur sleuth Lord Peter Wimsey, which remain popular to this day. However, Sayers herself considered her translation of Dante's Divine Comedy to be her best work. She is also known for her plays, literary criticism, and essays.
Arthur John Rees (1872–1942), was an Australian writer born in Melbourne. He is best remembered for his mystery and detective novels and short stories. Although he was a prolific writer and his works were enjoyed widely in Australia and England, his biography is obscured. He most likely travelled to Europe in his early twenties and lived in England for some time. Many of his novels are set in English locations.
FREEMAN WILLS CROFTS (1879-1957) was one of the pre-eminent writers in the golden age of British crime fiction. He was the author of more than thirty detective novels, and was greatly acclaimed by peers such as Agatha Christie and Raymond Chandler.
A. E. W. MASON (1865–1948) was born at Dulwich, England. A graduate of Oxford, he was first a professional actor before becoming a playwright. When he turned to writing fiction, he proved to be a versatile and prolific author, excelling at historical fiction, adventure fiction, social melodrama, and crime fiction. He is perhaps best remembered today for his tales of adventure and detection, often set in exotic locales.
Sax Rohmer was the acclaimed author of the Fu-Manchu series of novels. The first, The Mystery of Fu-Manchu, was published in 1912 with many more following. Rohmer also wrote more traditional detective stories and supernatural horror. He died in London in 1959.
ERNEST BRAMAH (Londres, 1868-1942), autor de gran éxito en su época, legó a la literatura, junto con Max Carrados, otro personaje inmortal: el narrador chino Kai Lung, protagonista de una larga serie de historias. Además, su obra de ciencia ficción What Might Have Been influyó decisivamente a George Orwell en la composición de su mítica 1984.
Melville Davisson Post (1869–1930) was an American author, born in Harrison County, West Virginia. He studied law at West Virginia University, where he graduated in 1892. In 1903 he married Ann Bloomfield Gamble Schofield, with whom he had a son, but the child died in infancy and soon after his son's death Post left law practice and took to writing fiction. He was a prolific and successful writer and is best known for his mystery and crime stories.
Marcel Allain (1885–1969) and Pierre Souvestre (1874–1914) were French authors of crime fiction best known for creating the sinister master criminal Fantômas. Introduced in 1911, the archvillain was an immediate sensation, popular in pulp magazines, books, and silent serials. Allain and Souvestre wrote thirty-two books in the series together. After his cocreator's death, Allain continued the exploits of Fantômas in eleven more novels.
E. C. BENTLEY (Londres, 1875-1956) estudió en el St. Paul School y trabajó en el Daily News y el Daily Telegraph. La secuela de El último caso de Philip Trent (1913), Trent;s Own Case, no vería la luz hasta veintitrés años después.
Arthur Morrison was born on November 1, 1863. Morrison gave conflicting information about his background, and when he died his wife, on his instructions, burned all of his notebooks and papers. He died in December, 1945.
Deemed 'the father of the scientific detective story', Richard Austin Freeman enjoyed a prolific career that saw him gain qualifications as pharmacist and surgeon, pull off a diplomatic coup along the Gold Coast, work for Holloway Prison and then become a formidable writer of fiction. He was born in London, the son of a tailor who went on to train as a pharmacist. After graduating as a surgeon at the Middlesex Hospital Medical College, Freeman taught for a while and then joined the colonial service, offering his skills as an assistant surgeon along the Gold Coast of Africa. He became embroiled in a diplomatic mission when a British expeditionary party was sent to investigate the activities of the French. Through his tact and formidable intelligence, a massacre was narrowly avoided. His future was therefore assured in the colonial service. However, after becoming ill with black-water fever, Freeman was sent back to England to recover and finding his finances precarious, embarked on a career as acting physician in Holloway Prison. In desperation, he also turned to writing where he went on to dominate the world of British detective fiction, taking pride in testing different criminal techniques. So keen was he, part of one of his best novels was written in a bomb shelter. For the first twenty-five years of his writing career, Freeman was to dominate and remain unrivalled in the world of detective fiction, introducing the well-loved and highly memorable 'Dr Thorndyke'. The continued success of this character has affirmed Richard Austin Freeman's place amongst the finest of crime writers.
H. C. McNeile (1888–1937) was an English author best known for his series of adventure novels featuring Bulldog Drummond. McNeile based the character on his own experiences fighting in the trenches of World War I.
Allan Pinkerton (1819–1884) was the founder of the first modern American detective agency. Born in Scotland, he immigrated to America in the 1840s and began working as a detective in Chicago. He founded the Pinkerton National Detective Agency in 1850 and served as a Union spy during the Civil War, later claiming to have foiled an attempt on President Lincoln's life. Beginning in 1874, Pinkerton published mystery novels based on his organization's case files, including The Expressman and the Detective (1874) and The Spiritualists and the Detectives (1876), making himself a pioneer not just among real-life detectives, but among fictional ones as well.