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Medios de pago

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    Medios de pago

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      Medios de pago

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        Medios de pago
          Sinopsis
          Get smarter on the sun! Whether that be on the beach or in the deck chair on your terrace or backyard. The Harvard Classics in 51 volumes include the essential works of world literature, showing the progress of man from antics to modern age. In addition – there are 20 volumes of the greatest works of fiction. Content:The Harvard Classics:V. 1: Franklin, Woolman & PennV. 2: Plato, Epictetus & Marcus AureliusV. 3: Bacon, Milton, BrowneV. 4: John MiltonV. 5: R. W. EmersonV. 6: Robert BurnsV. 7: St Augustine & Thomas á KempisV. 8: Nine Greek Dramas V. 9: Cicero and PlinyV. 10: The Wealth of NationsV. 11: The Origin of SpeciesV. 12: PlutarchsV. 13: ÆneidV. 14: Don QuixoteV. 15: Bunyan & WaltonV. 16: 1001 NightsV. 17: Folklore & FableV. 18: Modern English DramaV. 19: Goethe & MarloweV. 20: The Divine ComedyV. 21: I Promessi SposiV. 22: The OdysseyV. 23: Two Years Before the MastV. 24: Edmund BurkeV. 25: J. S. Mill & T. CarlyleV. 26: Continental DramaV. 27 & 28: English & American EssaysV. 29: The Voyage of the BeagleV. 30: Scientific PapersV. 31: The Autobiography of Benvenuto CelliniV. 32: Literary and Philosophical EssaysV. 33: Voyages & TravelsV. 34: French & English PhilosophersV. 35: Chronicle and RomanceV. 36: Machiavelli, Roper, More, LutherV. 37: Locke, Berkeley, HumeV. 38: Harvey, Jenner, Lister, PasteurV. 39: ProloguesV. 40–42: English PoetryV. 43: American Historical DocumentsV. 44 & 45: Sacred WritingsV. 46 & 47: Elizabethan DramaV. 48: Blaise PascalV. 49: SagaV. 50: Reader's GuideV. 51: LecturesThe Shelf of Fiction:V. 1 & 2: The History of Tom JonesV. 3: A Sentimental Journey & Pride and Prejudice V. 4: Guy ManneringV. 5 & 6: Vanity FairV. 7 & 8: David CopperfieldV. 9: The Mill on the FlossV. 10: Irving, Poe, Harte, Twain, HaleV.11: The Portrait of a LadyV. 12: Notre Dame de ParisV. 13: Balzac, Sand, de Musset, Daudet, de MaupassantV. 14 & 15: Goethe, Keller, Storm, FontaneV. 16–19: Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, TurgenevV. 20: Valera, Bjørnson, Kielland
          Acerca de Pedro Calderón de la Barca

          Calderón de la Barca estudia con los jesuitas y completa su formación en las universidades de Alcalá de Henares y Salamanca. Participa en varias campañas militares al servicio del duque del Infantado. En 1651 se ordena sacerdote, residiendo en Toledo y más tarde en Madrid como capellán. Dedicado a la literatura, poesía y drama, es una de las figuras cumbre de la literatura universal, autor de éxito en el Siglo de Oro de las letras españolas y uno de los escritores favoritos de la corte, para quien escribe sus primeros títulos. El alcalde de Zalamea, La vida es sueño, El médico de su honra, El gran teatro del mundo y La cena del rey Baltasar son algunas de sus obras más destacadas.

          Acerca de Dante Alighieri

          Dante Alighieri fue un poeta italiano. Su obra maestra, Divina Comedia, es una de las obras fundamentales de la transición del pensamiento medieval al renacentista. Es considerada la obra maestra de la literatura italiana y una de las cumbres de la literatura universal. En italiano es conocido como "el Poeta Supremo". A Dante también se le llama el "Padre del idioma" italiano. Participó activamente en las luchas políticas de su tiempo, por lo cual fue desterrado de su ciudad natal. Fue un activo defensor de la unidad italiana. Escribió varios tratados en latín sobre literatura, política y filosofía.

          Acerca de Hans Christian Andersen

          Hans Christian Andersen nació en Dinamarca en 1805. Hijo de una familia humilde (padre zapatero y madre lavandera) muy pronto dejó los estudios para empezar a leer todas las obras que estaban a su alcance. Decidido a ser cantante de ópera, se trasladó a Copenhague en 1819, pero no triunfó. Intentó también dedicarse a la danza pero tampoco tuvo éxito. En 1827 logró que se publicara un poema suyo, y desde entonces fue enviando a los periódicos sus crónicas viajeras. En 1834 se trasladó a Roma, donde encontró inspiración para esos cuentos para niños que en poco tiempo se convirtieron en un éxito. No obstante se esforzara por triunfar en el campo de la novela, fueron los cuentos infantiles (que él amaba recitar en voz alta) los que lo convirtieron en un clásico de la literatura. Murió en Copenhague en 1875, después de vivir una vida donde la escritura y los viajes ocupaban la mayor parte de su tiempo.

          Acerca de Daniel Defoe

          Daniel Defoe nació en 1660 en Londres, hijo de un fabricante de velas presbiteriano. Estudió en la Academia Presbiteriana para Disidentes de Newington Greene, donde recibió una educación basada en lenguas modernas y conocimientos científicos, muy alejada de los patrones clásicos. Se estableció corno comerciante y conoció la prosperidad tanto como la quiebra. Interesado por la política, escribió algunas sátiras y en 1697 publicó su primera obra extensa, An Essay Upon Projects. Prestó servicios al gobierno whig del rey Guillermo III y ocupó un cargo en Hacienda. Su poema satírico The True-Born Englishman (1701) fue un éxito, pero su irónico ataque a la intolerancia de la Iglesia Anglicana en The Shortest Way with the Dissenters (1703), ya durante el reinado de Ana Estuardo y bajo gobierno tory, le valió una pena de prisión. Acogido a la protección de un político tory, Robert Harley, escribió durante nueve años la gaceta de la que éste era propietario, la Review. Compuso en 1703 el que se considera el primer reportaje moderno, The Storm, sobre una gran tormenta que asoló el sur de Inglaterra. Defoe no escribió su primera obra de ficción hasta 1719, pero con ella creó un mito universal: Robinson Crusoe. A ésta siguieron Moll Flanders y Diario del año de la peste en 1722, y Roxane en 1724. Murió en Londres en 1731.

          Acerca de Charles Darwin

          Charles Darwin (El Monte, Shrewsbury, 1809 - Downe, 1882). Charles Robert Darwin fue un naturalista inglés que postuló que todas las especies de seres vivos han evolucionado con el tiempo a partir de un antepasado común, mediante un proceso denominado selección natural. La evolución fue aceptada como un hecho por la comunidad científica y por buena parte del público en vida de Darwin, mientras que su teoría de la evolución mediante selección natural no fue considerada como la explicación primaria del proceso evolutivo hasta los años treinta. Actualmente constituye la base de la síntesis evolutiva.

          Acerca de Jonathan Swift

          Jonathan Swift (1667-1745) ha sido durante mucho tiempo víctima de una leyenda negra: se decía que se había vuelto loco, quizá para no tener que tomar en serio las críticas a la sociedad y la humanidad que aparecen en su obra. Irlandés, de la minoría inglesa dominante, fue sin embargo un gran defensor del pueblo de su país, mayoritariamente pobre y católico. Swift fue eclesiástico anglicano e intervino mucho en la defensa de sus colegas en Irlanda. Al fin, para alejarlo de Londres, lo nombraron deán en Dublín. El genio satírico de Swift no se hace patente solo en Los viajes de Gulliver, sino también en otros muchos de sus escritos polémicos, como la célebre Modesta proposición para acabar con los niños pobres irlandeses por el simple método de comérselos.

          Acerca de Molière

          Molière, seudónimo de Jean-Baptiste Poquelin (París, 1622-1673), dramaturgo y actor francés, está considerado uno de los mayores comediógrafos de la literatura occidental, y es uno de los autores más interpretados. Padre de la Comédie-Française, escribió obras tan legendarias como Tartufo, Don Juan, El misántropo, El médico a palos, El avaro o El enfermo imaginario.

          Acerca de John Milton

          John Milton (1608–1674) was an English poet, polemicist, man of letters, and civil servant for the Commonwealth of England under its Council of State and later under Oliver Cromwell. He wrote at a time of religious flux and political upheaval, and is best known for his epic poem Paradise Lost (1667), written in blank verse. Milton's poetry and prose reflect deep personal convictions, a passion for freedom and self-determination, and the urgent issues and political turbulence of his day.

          Acerca de Christopher Marlowe

          Christopher Marlowe (c.1564-1593) was a playwright, poet and translator. As a leading Elizabethan tragedian, next to William Shakespeare, he is known for his blank verse, his overreaching protagonists, and his mysterious death.

          Acerca de Eurípides

          Eurípides (Salamina, 480 - 406 a.C.) es, con Esquilo y Sófocles, uno de los tres grandes poetas trágicos de la antigüedad griega. Reformó la estructura de la tragedia tradicional ática acercando al espectador las motivaciones más íntimas, casi se diría psicológicas, que mueven a sus personajes. Se estima que escribió más de noventa tragedias, pero solo nos han llegado diecinueve, entre la que sobresalen Medea, Hipólito, Electra, Las troyanas, Orestes y Las bacantes. Ramón Irigoyen es autor de doce libros de poesía, narrativa y ensayo y de seis libros de traducciones del griego antiguo y moderno. Sus versiones de Medea y Las troyanas, de Eurípides, las dirigieron e interpretaron, en tres espectáculos distintos, Irene Papas, Núria Espert, Michael Cacoyannis y La Fura dels Baus. Jordi Balló y Xavier Pérez son profesores de comunicación audiovisual en la Universidad Pompeu Fabra de Barcelona. Han escrito, entre otros libros, La semilla inmortal. Los argumentos universales en el cine, una obra de referencia en el estudio comparado de modelos narrativos.

          Acerca de Samuel Taylor Coleridge

          Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) was educated at Christ's Hospital, London and Jesus College, Cambridged. Close collaboration with Wordsworth resulted in joint production of the volume Lyrical Ballads in 1798, which contained Coleridge's 'The Rime of the Ancient Mariner', signposting the Romantic movement. After wintering in Germany in 1797-8 he settled in the Lake District, where he wrote the 'Letter' that he turned into 'Dejection: An Ode' (1802). In later years Coleridge turned increasingly to prose, covering philosophical, political, religious and critical subjects, although new poems continued to appear in most years until his death.

          Acerca de David hume

          David Hume is a solicitor at Freehills and a visiting fellow at the University of New South Wales.

          Acerca de Thomas de Quincey

          Thomas De Quincey was born on 15 August 1789 in Manchester, the son of an affluent cloth merchant. He ran away from the Manchester Grammar school aged 17 and travelled in poverty in Wales and London before being reconciled with his family. He then attended Oxford University, where he first began to take opium. Despite excelling at his studies, De Quincey left university without completing his degree and married Margaret Simpson, the daughter of a local farmer. Having exhausted his inheritance, partly due to his addiction to opium, De Quincey found work as a journalist and wrote prolifically on various subjects for numerous publications. Confessions of a English Opium-Eater was published in the London Magazine in 1821 and found instant success. He went on to write several novels and biographies, and his unusual autobiographical style made his work extremely popular on both sides of the Atlantic. When De Quincey's wife Margaret died in 1837, his opium addiction worsened and he moved away from London to Scotland to relieve his straitened finances. He died in Edinburgh on 8 December 1859

          Acerca de Adam Smith

          Adam Smith FRSE (baptised June 5, 1723 O.S. / June 16 N.S. - July 17, 1790) was a Scottish moral philosopher and a pioneering political economist. He is also the founder of economics. One of the key figures of the intellectual movement known as the Scottish Enlightenment, he is known primarily as the author of two treatises: The Theory of Moral Sentiments (1759), and An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776). The latter was one of the earliest attempts to systematically study the historical development of industry and commerce in Europe, as well as a sustained attack on the doctrines of mercantilism. Smith's work helped to create the modern academic discipline of economics and provided one of the best-known intellectual rationales for free trade, capitalism, and libertarianism. Adam Smith is now depicted on the back of the Bank of England £20 note.The productivity of free exchange:Smith showed that this vast 'mercantilist' edifice was folly. He argued that in a free exchange, both sides became better off. Quite simply, nobody would trade if they expected to lose from it. The buyer profits, just as the seller does. Imports are just as valuable to us as our exports are to others. Because trade benefits both sides, said Smith, it increases our prosperity just as surely as do agriculture or manufacture. A nation's wealth is not the quantity of gold and silver in its vaults, but the total of its production and commerce - what today we would call gross national product. The Wealth of Nations deeply influenced the politicians of the time and provided the intellectual foundation of the great nineteenth-century era of free trade and economic expansion. Even today the common sense of free trade is accepted worldwide, whatever the practical difficulties of achieving it.Social order based on freedom:Smith had a radical, fresh understanding of how human societies actually work. He realised that social harmony would emerge naturally as human beings struggled to find ways to live and work with each other. Freedom and self-interest need not produce chaos, but - as if guided by an 'invisible hand' - order and concord. And as people struck bargains with each other, the nation's resources would be drawn automatically to the ends and purposes that people valued most highly. So a prospering social order did not need to be controlled by kings and ministers. It would grow, organically, as a product of human nature. It would grow best in an open, competitive marketplace, with free exchange and without coercion. The Wealth Of Nations was therefore not just a study of economics but a survey of human social psychology: about life, welfare, political institutions, the law, and morality.The psychology of ethics:It was not The Wealth Of Nations which first made Smith's reputation, but a book on ethics, The Theory Of Moral Sentiments. Once again, Smith looks to social psychology to discover the foundation of human morality. Human beings have a natural 'sympathy' for others. That enables them to understand how to moderate their behaviour and preserve harmony. And this is the basis of our moral ideas and moral actions.

          Acerca de John Stuart Mill

          John Stuart Mill (Londres, 20 de mayo de 1806-Aviñón, Francia, 8 de mayo de 1873) fue un filósofo, político y economista inglés representante de la escuela económica clásica y teórico del utilitarismo, planteamiento ético propuesto por su padrino Jeremy Bentham, que sería recogido y difundido con profusión por Stuart Mill.

          Acerca de Jacob Grimm

          Jacob Grimm and Wilhelm Grimm (1785-1863) collected and published Germanic and European folk and fairy tales during the early to mid 19th century. Some of the world’s most classic and beloved stories have been published by them, including "Rumplestiltskin," "Snow White," "Sleeping Beauty," "Rapunzel," "Cinderella," "Hansel and Gretel," and many more. Margaret Hunt lives in England.

          Acerca de Francis Bacon

          Francis Bacon was born in London in 1561. A powerful member of Parliament and lord chancellor under King James I, he was among the first of the English philosophers. He died in 1626.Stephen Jay Gould is the Alexander Agassiz professor of zoology and professor of geology at Harvard and the Vincent Astor visiting professor of biology at New York University. Recent books include Full House, Dinosaur in a Haystack, and Questioning the Millennium. He lives in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and New York City.

          Acerca de William Makepeace Thackeray

          William Makepeace Thackeray (Alipur, Calcuta, India, 18 de julio de 1811 - Londres, Inglaterra, 24 de diciembre de 1863) fue un novelista inglés del realismo.Thackeray es reconocido por su estilo en el retrato de los personajes y el empleo de la sátira. Posee un humor irónico corrosivo y un estilo realista y hábil en la estructura argumental.

          Acerca de Ralph Waldo Emerson

          Ralph Waldo Emerson (Boston, 1803 - Concord, 1882). Escritor, filósofo y poeta estadounidense. Líder del trascendentalismo a principios del siglo xix, sus enseñanzas contribuyeron al desarrollo del movimiento del Nuevo Pensamiento, a mediados del mismo siglo. Tras graduarse en Harvard y estudiar allí Teología, se ordenó pastor unitario, pero renunció al sacerdocio tres años después, influido por la muerte de su mujer. Otros grandes pensadores, como Nathaniel Hawthorne y Henry David Thoreau, fueron sus discípulos, y poetas y filósofos, como Whitman o Nietzsche, reconocieron su pensamiento.

          Acerca de Marcus Aurelius

          Marcus Aurelius (121-180 AD) was the Roman Emperor from 161 to 180 AD, and was the last of what are considered The Five Good Emperors of Rome. Notable achievements during his reign include defeating a Parthian Empire, winning the fight against the Samaritans' in the Macromannic Wars, and chronicling his views on stoic philosophy in personal journals now referred to as Meditations.

          Acerca de Plato

          James H. Nichols, Jr., is Professor of Government at Claremont McKenna College. His published work includes a translation of Alexandre Kojeve's Introduction to the Reading of Hegel, also from Cornell.

          Acerca de Jean Racine

          Geoffrey Alan Argent is an independent scholar residing in Pennsylvania. He has received a 2011 American Book Award for The Fratricides, the first volume of The Complete Plays of Jean Racine.

          Acerca de Pierre Corneille

          Tony Kushner's plays include A Bright Room Called Day and Slavs!; as well as adaptations of Corneille's The Illusion, Ansky's The Dybbuk, Brecht's The Good Person of Szecguan and Goethe's Stella. Current projects include: Henry Box Brown or The Mirror of Slavery; and two musical plays: St. Cecilia or The Power of Music and Caroline or Change. His collaboration with Maurice Sendak on an American version of the children's opera, Brundibar, appeared in book form Fall 2003. Kushner grew up in Lake Charles, Louisiana, and he lives in New York.

          Acerca de Plutarch

          Plutarch's life spanned the second half of the 1st century AD. He was highly educated in rhetoric and philosophy at Athens but his deep interest in religion led him to Delphi, where he was eventually appointed to a priesthood. He travelled, most crucially to Rome, where he lectured and made friends of considerable influence. He wrote and taught throughout his life.

          Acerca de John Bunyan

          Bunyan was born in 1628 in the heart of England, a mile south of Bedford a few years before the English Civil War. His family was so poor that when his father died, John was left only one shilling and his tinker's anvil. The boy had little formal education. However, he learned to read and feasted on medieval romances in which valiant knights underwent great trials and conquered villains and monsters. In youth he boasted a mouth so profane it shocked even wicked men. Additionally, he loved to dance, bell-ring and lead Sunday sports, all considered improper by Puritans. Although he attended church, he had little religious feeling.

          Acerca de Aesop

          The Greek fabulist Aesop is thought to have lived from 620 to 560 BC. Legend depicts him as a slave with a gift for talking his way out of trouble or punishment, often reciting his fables to illustrate an injustice or human folly. He is also often described as having many physical deformities and a speech impediment. Mentioned by other classical writers such as Herodotus and Aristotle, Aesop is believed to have died by being thrown off a cliff in punishment for stealing a precious goblet.

          Acerca de Thomas Carlyle

          Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881) was a Scottish essayist, historian, satirist, and political thinker. He became influential for Victorians because his writing reflected Calvinist values but also a loss of faith, which paralleled the community's changing scientific and political views.

          Acerca de Virgil

          Publius Vergilius Maro, or Virgil, was an ancient Roman poet of the Augustan period. He is known for three major works of Latin literature, the Eclogues, the Georgics, and the epic Aeneid.

          Acerca de Friedrich von Schiller

          Friedrich von Schiller, dramatist, poet, novelist, translator and historian, was born in 1759 and died in Weimar in 1805.

          Acerca de Marcus Tullius Cicero

          Cicero was a preeminent Roman statesman, orator, and philosopher who introduced philosophy into Rome, and through Rome, into Christendom and the modern world.

          Acerca de Thomas Babington Macaulay

          Lord Thomas Babington Macaulay (1800-1859) was a liberal Whig who served in Parliament and the cabinet. Involved in the Anti-Slavery and Parliamentary Reform movements, he was a key person in getting the 1832 Reform Bill passed. His most famous work is the five-volume History of England, and he also wrote the important works Mill on Government, Sadler’s Law of Population, and the three-volume Critical, Historical and Miscellaneous Essays and Poems.

          Acerca de Richard Henry Dana

          Rod Scher received his M.Ed from the University of Oregon. A longtime boating enthusiast, writer, and former English teacher, he is an editor for Smart Computing Magazine. He lives in Lincoln, Nebraska.

          Acerca de Sophocles

          Peter J. Ahrensdorf is James Sprunt Professor of Political Science and Affiliated Professor of Classics at Davidson College. He is the author of Homer on the Gods and Human Virtue: Creating the Foundations of Classical Civilization, Greek Tragedy and Political Philosophy: Rationalism and Religion in Sophocles' Theban Plays, and The Death of Socrates and the Life of Philosophy: An Interpretation of Plato's Phaedo.Thomas L. Pangle is Joe R. Long Chair in Democratic Studies in the Department of Government and Co-Director of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Study of Core Texts and Ideas at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of many books, most recently Aristotle’s Teaching in The Politics, and editor of books including The Roots of Political Philosophy: Ten Forgotten Socratic Dialogues, also from Cornell. Ahrensdorf and Pangle are coauthors of Justice among Nations: On the Moral Basis of Power and Peace.

          Acerca de Homer

          Best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, Homer was an ancient Greek philosopher and teacher. Regarded as the first, and best, of the epic poets, he is attributed with writing the first known literature of Europe. Scholars do not know his definite birth and death dates, but some speculate his writings go as far back as 850 BCE or later.

          Acerca de John Dryden

          John Dryden (1631-1700). An elegant and witty writer, poet laureate from 1668, Dryden was on of the majordramatists, critics and poets of his age.

          Acerca de Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

          Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) nació en Frankfurt am Main. Comenzó sus estudios de derecho en Leipzig, que tuvo que abandonar a causa de una enfermedad durante la cual, afincado en Frankfurt, se interesó por campos tan dispares como la filosofía ocultista, la astrología y la alquimia. En 1770 se trasladó a Estrasburgo para continuar estudiando derecho, y fue allí donde conoció a Friederike Brion, modelo para los personajes femeninos de sus obras, y al filósofo y crítico literario Johann Gottfried Herder, responsable directo del abandono por parte de Goethe de los preceptos del clasicismo francés por la expresión directa de las emociones, que desembocaría en la colaboración en Sobre el estilo y el arte alemán (1773), manifiesto del movimiento Sturm und Drang, germen del romanticismo alemán. Al año siguiente publicó Los sufrimientos del joven Werther, considerada como la primera novela representativa de la literatura moderna. En 1775 Carlos Augusto, heredero del ducado Sajonia-Weimar, le invitó a vivir y trabajar en la capital, uno de los centros literarios e intelectuales de Alemania, en lo que fue una época crucial para el desarrollo y la madurez tanto literaria como intelectual de Goethe, que vivió en Weimar hasta su muerte. Allí comenzó la composición de algunas de sus obras más famosas, como Ifigenia en Táuride (1786) y Fausto, poema dramático que sometería a cambios después de su estancia en Italia de 1786 a 1788 y cuya primera parte publicó en 1808 (y revisó continuamente hasta pocos años antes de morir). También terminó las obras dramáticas que fundarían el clasicismo alemán: Egmont (1775) y Torquato Tasso (1789). A su regreso a Weimar escribió, entre otras obras capitales, los poemas de Elegías romanas (1795) y Diván de Oriente y Occidente (1819), el poema épico Hermann y Dorotea (1797), las novelas Los años de aprendizaje de Wilhelm Meister (1796), Las afinidades electivas (1809), Los años itinerantes de Wilhelm Meister (1821), el libro Viaje a Italia (1816), su autobiografía Poesía y verdad (1811-1833), y la segunda parte de su poema dramático Fausto, publicada póstumamente en 1832.

          Acerca de Philip Sidney

          Sir Philip Sidney (1554 -- 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Age'smost prominent figures. Famous in his day in England as a poet, courtier and soldier, he remains known as a writer of sonnets.

          Acerca de Charles Lamb

          Los hermanos Charles (1775-1834) y Mary Lamb (1764-1847), hijos de un escribiente y un ama de llaves, fueron educados con pocos recursos y vivieron marcados por un terrible suceso protagonizado por Mary en 1796: en un arrebato de locura, mató a su madre e hirió a su padre. A partir de entonces, Charles asumió la tutela de su hermana, que vivió oscilando entre períodos de enajenación y de lucidez. En 1806 ambos hermanos escribieron juntos Cuentos de Shakespeare a instancias de un librero. Este encargo marcó el inicio de una fructífera colaboración de la que nacieron otras obras conjuntas, como la serie de relatos La escuela de la señora Leicester (1808), Las aventuras de Ulises (1808) o una colección de Poemas para niños (1809) que Mary recopiló con la ayuda de su hermano. Por su parte, Charles se convirtió en un celebrado ensayista y crítico literario que, además, publicó poesía, dramas y farsas. De entre sus obras cabe destacar Los ensayos de Elia (1823), Popular Fallacies (1828) y Last Essays of Elia (1833).

          Acerca de Aristophanes

          Often referred to as the father of comedy, Aristophanes was an ancient Greek comedic playwright who was active in ancient Athens during the fourth century BCE, both during and after the Peloponnesian War. His surviving plays collectively represent most of the extant examples of the genre known as Old Comedy and serve as a foundation for future dramatic comedy in Western dramatic literature. Aristophanes' works are most notable for their political satire, and he often ridiculed public figures, including, most famously, Socrates, in his play The Clouds. Aristophanes is also recognized for his realistic representations of daily life in Athens, and his works provide an important source to understand the social reality of life in Ancient Greece. Aristophanes died sometime after 386 BCE of unknown causes.

          Acerca de Saint Augustine

          St. Augustine of Hippo (354–430) was an early Christian philosopher and church father whose writings heavily influenced the development of Western Christian philosophy. Born in the Roman province of Numidia (now Algiers), he was drawn to Manichaeism, and later to neo-Platonism. After fathering a child out of wedlock at age eighteen, he became a celibate priest and later became the bishop of Hippo Regius in north Africa. It was then that he began writing the works that would become iconic touchstones of early Christian thought, including The City of God, On Christian Doctrine and Confessions.

          Acerca de Edmund Burke

          Edmund Burke (1729-1797) was a British political philosopher and member of parliament. He is regarded as the founder of modern conservatism. A champion of liberty, Burke advocated redress for the American colonists in their disputes with the Crown, and supported the aims of the American Revolution, but he was a early and eloquent opponent of the French Revolution.

          Acerca de Robert Browning

          Robert Browning (1812-1889) was born in Camberwell, London, the son of a clerk in the Bank of England. The strongest influence on his education were the books in his father's extensive library, particularly the writings of Byron and Shelley. His dramatic poem Paracelsus, published in 1835, established his reputation and brought him the friendship of the actor-manager William Macready. When Macready's eldest son Willie was ill in bed, Browning wrote for the boy's entertainment the poem of The Pied Piper, a story he remembered from his own childhood. After its appearance in print in 1842, it became a children's classic, attracting new illustrators in every generation.In 1846 Robert Browning married a fellow poet, Elizabeth Barrett, eloping with her to Italy where they lived until Elizabeth's death in 1861. He them returned to England to live with his only sister Sarianna, but later he went back to Italy, where he died at the Rezzonico Palace in Venice.Peter Washington is the editor of many of the Everyman's Library Pocket Poets, including Love Poems, and is the author of Madame Blavatsky's Baboon: A History of the Mystics, Mediums, and Misfits Who Brought Spiritualism to America.

          Acerca de John Ruskin

          John Ruskin (1819-1900) was an acclaimed English poet and artist, as well as an influential critic of art and society. He wrote on topics ranging from geology and botany to politics, architecture, art, and literature. Ruskin influenced the Gothic Revival and did much to popularize high art.

          Acerca de Ben Jonson

          Ben Jonson was born in 1572, the posthumous son of a minister and was educated at Westminster School thanks to an unknown patron. In 1597, after brief careers as a bricklayer and soldier, he began to work for Henslowe's company as a player and playwright. In addition to the comedies Jonson also produced two tragedies. In 1616 he was granted a royal pension and was made, in effect, Poet Laureate. He died on 6 August 1637. Michael Jamieson has taught at the University of Rome and the University of California. He has published a study of As You Like It and articles on Elizabethan acting and on modern theatres for Shakespeare.

          Acerca de Benjamin Franklin

          Benjamin Franklin was a writer, inventor, political theorist, diplomat, and Founding Father of the United States. He wrote under the pen name of Poor Richard from 1732 to 1757.

          Acerca de Samuel Johnson

          Samuel Johnson (1709-1784) fue el autor del primer gran Diccionario de la lengua inglesa (1755); además fue crítico, ensayista y teórico del lenguaje. Entre otras obras escribió Vidas de los poetas ingleses (1779-1781) y Viaje a las islas occidentales de Escocia (1775). El libro que le dio la fama en todo el continente europeo fue La historia de Rasselas, príncipe de Abisinia (1759), considerada por muchos como una obra maestra de la literatura universal.

          Acerca de Thomas A Kempis

          Thomas à Kempis (ca. 1380-1471) was a German monk and a practical mystic. His classic The Imitation of Christ has long been a favorite of Christians of all denominational backgrounds. It is said that Thomas's book has been the most read of any book other than the Bible.

          Acerca de Aeschylus

          Aeschylus (born at Eleusis, near Athens, c. 525 BC; died at gela, Sicily, 456 BC) was the dramatist who first made Athenian tragedy one of the world's great art forms, though in his epitaph he preferred that he should be remembered as one of those who fought the Persians at Marathon. Although he is said to have written over eighty plays, only seven have survived.Alan H. Sommerstein has been Professor of Greek at the University of Nottingham since 1988. He has written or edited more than thirty books on Ancient Greek language and literature, especially tragic and comic drama, including Aeschylean Tragedy (1996), Greek Drama and Dramatists (2002), and a complete edition of the comedies of Aristophanes with translation and commentary (1980-2003).

          Acerca de Epictetus

          Epictetus (c. 55--135 AD) was a teacher and Greco-Roman philosopher. Originally a slave from Hierapolis in Anatolia (modern Turkey), he was owned for a time by a prominent freedman at the court of the emperor Nero. After gaining his freedom he moved to Nicopolis on the Adriatic coast of Greece and opened a school of philosophy there. His informal lectures (the Discourses) were transcribed and published by his student Arrian, who also composed a digest of Epictetus' teaching known as the Manual (or Enchiridion).

          Acerca de William Hazlitt

          Escritor inglés célebre por sus ensayos humanísticos y por sus críticas literarias. Se le ha considerado como el crítico literario inglés más importante tras Samuel Johnson. De hecho, los textos de Hazlitt y sus reflexiones sobre las obras y los personajes de Shakespeare solo han sido igualados por los de Johnson en cuanto a profundidad, penetración, originalidad e imaginación.

          Acerca de Robert Burns

          Robert Burns was born on January 25, 1759, in South Ayrshire, Scotland, and died in 1796.Gerard Carruthers is Senior Lecturer in Scottish Literature at the University of Glasgow. He is author of Robert Burns and co-editor of English Romanticism and the Celtic World.

          Acerca de Percy Bysshe Shelley

          Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822) is one of the great Romantic poets. His pamphlet "The Necessity of Atheism," caused his expulsion from Oxford, but he continued to write shocking works. He is best known for his poems and his dramatic play, "Prometheus Unbound." He died shortly before his thirtieth birthday, having drowned in a storm while sailing off the coast of Italy.

          Acerca de Izaak Walton

          Izaak Walton, one of the earliest English biographers who is best remembered as the author of The Compleat Angler, was born in the parish of St. Mary's, at Stafford, on August 9, 1593. His father, Gervase Walton, was an innkeeper who died when the boy was five. By the time Walton was twenty he was living in London, apprenticed to his brother-in-law, a prosperous clothier. His marriage to Rachel Floud, a relative of Archbishop Thomas Cranmer, in 1626 allied him with a prominent clerical family, and as a parishioner at St. Dunstan's Church Walton became a close friend of its vicar, John Donne. Among Walton's earliest surviving literary efforts is an elegy written in 1633 for the initial collection of Donne's poems. The poet-clergyman was the subject of the first of Walton's great biographical essays: Life of Donne served as the preface to the 1640 edition of the minister's sermons and was filled with anecdotes and personal impressions. Over the years Walton's loyalty to the Church of England, coupled with his genius for friendship, inspired him to write biographies of four other eminent theologians: Sir Henry Wotton (1651), Richard Hooker (1665), George Herbert (1670), and Dr. Robert Sanderson (1678). Each is distinguished by the intimacy and vivacity characteristic of the Life of Donne. It is little wonder that Samuel Johnson rated Walton's five Lives among 'his most favourite books.'Walton's reputation as a biographer is overshadowed by the enduring popularity of The Compleat Angler. First published in 1653, during the Civil War that forced Walton and other royalists to flee London, the work is more than an engaging discourse on the art of fishing. It reflects a thoughtful, sensitive Englishman's abiding concern with leading a contemplative life. Indeed, many have read Walton's unique celebration of angling throughout the English countryside as a veiled satire against Cromwell and the Puritans. Four revised editions appeared in the author's lifetime, and The Compleat Angler has enjoyed a wide following ever since. Samuel Johnson praised the book in the eighteenth century as did the Scottish philosopher Lord Home. Later, Charles Lamb recommended >The Compleat Angler to Samuel Taylor Coleridge. 'It breathes the very spirit of innocence, purity, and simplicity of heart,' he noted. 'It would sweeten a man's temper at any time to read it; it would Christianise every angry, discordant passion; pray make yourself acquainted with it.'Walton remained active well into old age. The Restoration of Charles II in 1660 returned many of his friends in the Anglican clergy to positions of influence, and they were quick to reciprocate the acts of goodwill he had displayed during Cromwell's reign. Following the death of his second wife in 1662, Walton was employed as steward to the bishop of Worcester. At the bishop's residence of Farnham Castle in Wincester Walton continued to write and revise his published works. In 1676 Walton asked a young follower, the poet Charles Cotton, to furnish a supplement on fly-fishing for the fifth edition of The Compleat Angler, and the two pursued the project at a cottage on the banks of the Dove River in Derbyshire. On August 9, 1683, the inveterate angler marked his ninetieth birthday by drafting a will and securing it with a seal given him by John Donne. Izaak Walton died three months later on December 15, 1683 and was buried at Winchester Cathedral.

          Acerca de Sydney Smith

          Sydney Smith is a NSCAD University graduate living in Halifax. Well-known for his artwork for local musicians, he illustrated The Dread Crew: Pirates of the Backwoods, Mabel Murple (2010), and There Were Monkeys in My Kitchen (2011). His cover art for Migration Songs won Saltyink.com's "Judge a Book By Its Cover" competition.

          Acerca de Richard Brinsley Sheridan

          In need of funds, Richard Brinsley Sheridan (1751-1816) turned to the only craft that could gain him the remuneration he desired in a short time: he began writing a play. He had over the years written and published essays and poems, and among his papers were humorous unfinished plays, essays and political tracts, but never had he undertaken such an ambitious project as this. In a short time, however, he completed The Rivals. He was 23 years old.

          Acerca de William Penn

          William Penn had been writing Quaker defenses for thirty years when this book was published in 1696. As a young convert his writing had been passionate, even intemperate, and was charged with blasphemy and thrown into the Tower of London. In his later years he wrote this book as a short and moderate introduction to Quakerism, aimed at persuading others that Friends had restored Christianity to its original form.

          Acerca de Leigh Hunt

          James Henry Leigh Hunt (1784–1859) was an English critic, essayist, and poet—a central figure of the Romantic movement. He published several volumes of poetry, and was a friend of the poets Percy Bysshe Shelley and John Keats. In addition to his poetry, he is also recognized for his distinguished literary criticism.

          Acerca de Miguel de Cervantes

          Miguel de Cervantes (1547-1616) ejerció las más variadas profesiones antes de dedicarse plenamente a la literatura. Entró en Roma al servicio del cardenal Acquaviva, fue soldado en la batalla de Lepanto (1571), estuvo cinco años cautivo en Argel y ejerció como comisario real de abastos para la Armada Invencible. Tales oficios le reportaron una experiencia humana que supo plasmar magistralmente en todas sus obras. De su producción poética cabe destacar Viaje del Parnaso (1614), un verdadero testamento literario y espiritual. En el campo teatral cultivó la tragedia, la tragicomedia, la comedia y el entremés. Pero sin duda es en el terreno de la narrativa donde Cervantes se impuso a sus contemporáneos y obtuvo logros que le valdrían el título de creador de la novela moderna, con libros como La Galatea (1585), El ingenioso hidalgo don Quijote de la Mancha (1605), Novelas ejemplares (1613), El ingenioso caballero don Quijote de la Mancha (segunda parte de su obra cumbre, 1615) y, póstumamente, Los trabajos de Persiles y Sigismunda (1617).

          Acerca de Thomas Browne

          Thomas Browne (Londres, 1605 - Norwich, 1682) fue médico y ensayista, estudioso de teología y filosofía, ciencias naturales y arte. Fue también un maestro del estilo, admirado por una gran cantidad de autores, de Coleridge a Borges, y ampliamente reconocido como uno de los escritores más importantes y singulares de las letras inglesas. Comenzó sus estudios en Broadgates Hall, uno de los colegios de la Universidad de Oxford, donde obtuvo su título de grado en 1626. Luego los continuó en Montpellier, en Padua, y finalmente en Leiden, donde se doctoró en 1633. De vuelta en Inglaterra, se mudó a Halifax, Yorkshire, para hacer su residencia. La religión de un médico, escrito en 1635, fue fruto de esos años de vida rural y retirada. En 1637, luego de confirmar su título de doctor en Medicina en Oxford, se mudó a Norwich, ciudad en la que tuvo una intensa vida profesional, social e intelectual y en la que vivió hasta su muerte. En 1671 recibió la orden de caballero y pasó a ser sir Thomas Browne. Además de La religión de un médico, cuya primera edición autorizada es de 1643, Thomas Browne publicó Sobre errores vulgares (1646), El enterramiento en urnas (1658) y El jardín de Ciro (1658). Entre sus obras publicadas póstumamente se cuentan Carta a un amigo (1690) y La moral cristiana (1716).

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