Elephants are among the most magniﬁcent – but also most problematic –members of South Africa's wildlife population. While they are sought after by South African and foreign tourists alike, they also have a major impact on their environment. As a result, elephant management has become a highly complex and often controversial discipline. The information needed to underpin vital decisions about elephant management has largely been unavailable to decision-makers, contested by experts, or simply unknown. As a result, the South African Minister for Environmental Affairs and Tourism convened a round table to advise him on this issue. The round table recommended that a scientiﬁc assessment of elephant management be undertaken to gather, evaluate, and present all the relevant information on this topic. Its main ﬁndings and recommendations are contained in this volume. Elephant Management is the ﬁrst book of its kind, combining the work of more than 60 national and international experts. Extensively reviewed by policy-makers and other stakeholders, it is the most systematic and comprehensive review of savanna elephant populations and factors relevant to managing them to date. As such it is of interest to a broad spectrum of readers in South Africa and elsewhere. Above all, it is aimed at helping conservation policy-makers and practitioners to choose the best possible options for the sustainable preservation of these iconic animals.
Acerca de Norman Owen-Smith
Norman Owen-Smith is Research Professor in African Ecology at the University of the Witwatersrand.
Acerca de Jay Kirkpatrick
Jay Kirkpatrick is Director of the Science and Conservation Center at ZooMontana, in Billings, Montana.
Acerca de Rob Little
Rob Little is Conservation Director at WWF South Africa. He is leader of the WWF-SA Species Programme and a member of the global WWF Species Working Group. He is also the WWF-SA representative on the IUCN Species Survival Commission. Since October 2006, he has been Chairman for the Elephant Management & Owners Association (EMOA).
Acerca de Jonathan Barnes
Jonathan Barnes is based in Namibia, specialising in environmental and resource economics.
Acerca de Bruce Page
Bruce Page has worked on the relationship between elephants and their habitats over the past 32 years in many localities in southern Africa.
Acerca de Jane Carruthers
Jane Carruthers is Associate Professor in the Department of History at the University of South Africa, a Fellow of the Royal Society of South Africa and of Clare Hall, Cambridge, and President of the South African Historical Society.
Acerca de Ian Whyte
Ian Whyte was involved in the research environment in Kruger National Park for 37 years of which 24 were as co-ordinator of elephant research. He has been a member of the IUCN’s Species Survival Commission – African Elephant Specialist Group since 1992.
Acerca de James N. Blignaut
James N. Blignaut is an ecological economist attached to the University of Pretoria, South Africa, and director of three companies aimed at economic development and the restoration of natural capital.
Acerca de Robert J. Scholes
Robert (Bob) Scholes is a Professor of Systems Ecology at the University of the Witwatersrand. He has worked on the issue of climate change since 1990, and was a Lead Author on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)’s influential assessments in 2000, 2007 and 2014. His specialty is the interaction between terrestrial ecosystems in Africa and the global climate, and he is widely regarded as a world expert in this field.
Acerca de Kathleen G. Mennell
Kathleen G Mennell obtained her Honours in Ecology and Conservation from the University of the Witwatersrand and is currently a Masters student within the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research.
Acerca de Brandon Anthony
Brandon Anthony is an assistant professor at the Department of Environmental Sciences & Policy, Central European University.
Acerca de Graham Avery
Graham Avery is archaeozoologist at Iziko South African Museum, with expertise in the study of ancient and modern bones. He has been Chairman of the Southern African Association of Archaeologists and President of the Wildlife and Environment Society of South Africa.
Acerca de Dave Balfour
Dave Balfour is a member of the IUICN African Elephant specialist group and currently heads up the Scientific Services of the Eastern Cape Parks.
Acerca de Roy Gordon Bengis
Roy Gordon Bengis is a wildlife veterinarian and disease epidemiologist. He has been employed as a State Veterinarian in the Kruger National Park for the past 30 years.
Acerca de Henk Bertschinger
Henk Bertschinger is emeritus professor of the University of Pretoria’s Faculty of Veterinary Science and is a veterinary reproductive specialist (European College of Animal Reproduction).
Acerca de Harry Biggs
Harry Biggs qualified originally as a veterinarian, but has also worked as an epidemiologist, database administrator, and biometrist, later moving into systems ecology as a programme manager. Today his main interests are in adaptive management and governance as it relates to freshwater biodiversity outcomes and ecosystem services.
Acerca de André Boshoff
André Boshoff is a Research Fellow at the Centre for African Conservation Ecology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.
Acerca de Guy Castley
Guy Castley is a terrestrial ecologist and currently lectures in Ecology, Wildlife Management and Conservation Biology at Griffith University in Australia.
Acerca de Tony Conway
Tony Conway has worked for the Natal Parks Board/Ezemvelo KZN Wildlife since 1983, and is currently the EKZNW Conservation Manager for the iSimangaliso Wetland Park, World Heritage Site.
Acerca de Warwick Davies-Mostert
Warwick Davies-Mostert has been involved in biodiversity conservation for 14 years and the management of large conservation areas within the De Beers Group and Ecology Division since 1995.
Acerca de Yolandi de Beer
Yolandi de Beer completed Honours and Master’s degrees at the University of Pretoria.
Acerca de Willem F de Boer
Willem F (Fred) de Boer is a lecturer at Wageningen University, The Netherlands. and is coordinator of the Tembo integrated programme, aimed at predicting elephant spatio-temporal distribution.
Acerca de Audrey Delsink
Audrey Delsink is a freelance elephant ecologist and resident research ecologist at Makalali Private Game Reserve.
Acerca de Martin de Wit
Martin de Wit is an applied environmental and natural resource economist and is an extraordinary associate professor at the University of Stellenbosch and an associate researcher at the Stellenbosch-based Sustainability Institute
Acerca de Saliem Fakir
Saliem Fakir is senior lecturer at the Department of Public Administration and Planning and Associate Director of the Centre for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Studies at the University of Stellenbosch.
Acerca de Sam M. Ferreira
Sam M. Ferreira’s research focuses on mammal and bird conservation biology and coordinates aspects of the Elephant Programme at CERU.
Acerca de Andre Ganswindt
Andre Ganswindt, University of Pretoria, received his Ph.D. in Biology at the University of Muenster for his work on endocrine, physical and behavioural correlates in African elephants.
Acerca de Marion E. Garaï
Marion E. Garaï has a Ph.D. in animal behaviour from the University of Pretoria and has been a member of the IUCN/African Elephant Specialist Group for the past 12 years. She founded the EMOA and is currently Chairperson of the Space for Elephants Foundation.
Acerca de Angela Gaylard
Angela Gaylard has focused on terrestrial conservation issues, with a decade of work in the Kruger National Park.
Acerca de Katie Gough
Katie Gough is a Ph.D. student at the Centre for African Conservation Ecology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.
Acerca de C C (Rina) Grant
C C (Rina) Grant qualified as a veterinarian but is now the Programme Manager: Systems Ecology in SANParks’ Scientific Services, based at Skukuza, Kruger National Park.
Acerca de Douw Grobler
Douw Grobler has worked for the past 20 years in the wildlife industry, 13 years in the Kruger National Park, and now as a private wildlife veterinarian and consultant.
Acerca de Robert Guldemond
Robert Guldemond conducted his Ph.D. at the Conservation Ecology Research Unit at the University of Pretoria and currently coordinates aspects of the Biodiversity and Restoration Programme at CERU.
Acerca de Peter Hartley
Peter Hartley was the officer in charge (Conservator) of Umfolozi Game Reserve and now heads the Conservation Compliance Unit at iSimangaliso Wetland Park Authority.
Acerca de Michelle Henley
Michelle Henley is a research ecologist and programme co-ordinator for the Transboundary Elephant Research Programme under the auspices of Save the Elephants.
Acerca de Markus Hofmeyr
Markus Hofmeyr received his BVSc from the University of Pretoria in 1994 and is currently the head of the SANParks Veterinary Wildlife Services.
Acerca de Lisa Hopkinson
Lisa Hopkinson is Head of the Corporate Legal Services Division of South African National Parks and has a specialist interest in wildlife and conservation law.
Acerca de Tim P. Jackson
Tim P. Jackson has 18 years of research experience in mammalogy and his present research with CERU aims at the conservation and management of elephants throughout southern Africa.
Acerca de Jessica Junker
Jessica Junker is a postgraduate student at the University of Pretoria and is currently conducting her MSc project under the auspices of CERU.
Acerca de Graham Kerley
Graham Kerley is Director of the Centre for African Conservation Ecology and Professor of Zoology at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, and also serves as a Director of the Eastern Cape Parks Board, and as a member of the Minister’s Science Round Table on Elephant Management.
Acerca de Hanno Killian
Hanno Killian is the Research Ecologist at the Welgevonden Private Game Reserve in the Waterberg of Limpopo.
Acerca de Laurence Kruger
Laurence Kruger is director of the Organization for Tropical Studies, South Africa, whose ‘study abroad’ programme is based in the Kruger National Park.
Acerca de Marietjie Landman
Marietjie Landman is a Ph.D. student within the Centre for African Conservation Ecology, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University.
Acerca de Keith Lindsay
Keith Lindsay joined the Amboseli Elephant Research Project in Kenya in 1977 and his continuing research focuses on feeding ecology, habitat interactions, demography and ecosystem change.
Acerca de H P P (Hennie) Lötter
H P P (Hennie) Lötter is a professor of Philosophy at the University of Johannesburg. He specialises in political philosophy and environmental ethics.
Acerca de Robin L. Mackey
Robin L. Mackey is a lecturer in the School of Biological and Conservation Sciences at the University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Acerca de Johan Malan
Johan Malan is an Operations Manager at Veterinary Wildlife Services with South African National Parks, based in the Kruger National Park.
Acerca de Wayne Matthews
Wayne Matthews is the Ezemvelo KwaZulu-Natal Wildlife Regional Ecologist for Maputaland and, based in the Tembe Elephant Park, he is currently involved in planning the Futi-Tembe Transfrontier Area that will straddle the South Africa/Mozambique border.
Acerca de Pieter Olivier
Pieter Olivier is currently a master’s student at the Conservation Ecology Research Unit in the Department of Zoology and Entomology, University of Pretoria.
Acerca de Theresia Ott
Theresia Ott is a Ph.D. student at CERU, studying elephant movements in a landscape ecology context.
Acerca de Mike J. S. Peel
Mike J. S. Peel is Senior Researcher at the Agricultural Research Council – Livestock Business Division (Range and Forage) and is project leader of the Savanna Ecosystem Dynamics Project.
Acerca de Michele Pickover
Michele Pickover was Curator of Manuscripts: Historical Papers at the library of the University of the Witwatersrand and was also a Board Member for the South African History Archives and Chairperson of the National Committee of the South African Society of Archivists.
Acerca de Mogobe Ramose
Mogobe Ramose is Professor of Philosophy in the University of South Africa and is currently Director of the University of South Africa Regional Learning Center in Ethiopia.
Acerca de Jeremy Ridl
Jeremy Ridl is an attorney and environmental law specialist having founded the first specialist environmental law practice in South Africa in 1990.
Acerca de Rob Slotow
Rob Slotow is Director of the Amarula Elephant Research Programme at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban.
Acerca de Izak Smit
Izak Smit is currently employed by the South African National Parks as Research Manager: GIS and Remote Sensing.
Acerca de Morgan Trimble
Morgan Trimble is an MSc student with CERU at the University of Pretoria.
Acerca de Wayne Twine
Wayne Twine is an ecologist based at the Wits Rural Facility, where he manages a research programme for the School of Animal, Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand.
Acerca de Rudi J. van Aarde
Rudi J. van Aarde, Director of the Conservation Ecology Research Unit (CERU), focuses on the restoration of populations and communities as a contribution to conservation.
Acerca de J. J. van Altena
J. J. van Altena served for seven years in the Kruger National Park during where he was involved with the game capture department and elephant contraception research project and is currently a partner in Catchco Africa.
Acerca de Marius van Staden
Marius van Staden is an attorney and takes a keen interest in nature conservation and environmental law.