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  3. The History of Witchcraft in Europe Throughout the Ages

Witchcraft in Europe in Middle Ages and Early Modern Period was believed to be a combination of sorcery and heresy. While sorcery attempts to produce negative supernatural effects through formulas and rituals, heresy is the Christian contribution to witchcraft in which an individual makes a pact with the Devil. In addition, heresy denies witches the recognition of important Christian values such as baptism, salvation, Christ and sacraments. In Early Modern European tradition, witches were stereotypically, though not exclusively, women. European pagan belief in witchcraft was associated with the goddess Diana and dismissed as "diabolical fantasies" by medieval Christian authors. Witch-hunts first appeared in large numbers during the 14th and 15th centuries. It was commonly believed that individuals with power and prestige were involved in acts of witchcraft and even cannibalism. Table of Contents:The Superstitions of Witchcraft by Howard WilliamsThe Devil in Britain and America by John AshtonLives of the Necromancers by William GodwinWitch, Warlock, and Magician by W. H. Davenport AdamsThe Witch Mania by Charles MackayMagic and Witchcraft by George MoirWitchcraft & Second Sight in the Highlands & Islands of Scotland by John G. CampbellWitchcraft and Superstitious Record in the South-Western District of Scotland by John Maxwell WoodPractitioners of Magic & Witchcraft and Clairvoyance by Bram StokerWitch Stories by E. Lynn LintonMary Schweidler, the Amber Witch by Wilhelm MeinholdSidonia, the Sorceress by Wilhelm MeinholdGlimpses of the Supernatural – Witchcraft and Necromancy by Frederick George LeeLetters On Demonology And Witchcraft by Sir Walter ScottLa Sorcière: The Witch of the Middle Ages by Jules MicheletModern Magic by M. Schele de Vere
Acerca de Bram Stoker

Abraham Stoker nació en Dublín, Irlanda, en 1847. Tras realizar sus estudios en la universidad de dicha ciudad, trabajó durante diez años como funcionario y crítico teatral hasta que se marchó a Inglaterra en 1876. Allí trabajó como secretario y representante del actor sir Henry Irving, con quien dirigió el Lyceum Theatre de Londres. Escribió numerosos libros, entre los que se cuenta su novela La dama del sudario (1909), así como varios relatos. Drácula (1897), su clásica novela de terror, creó el personaje del vampiro de Transilvania, que al día de hoy ha inspirado incontables versiones, continuaciones y películas. Bram Stoker falleció en 1912.

Acerca de Walter Scott

Walter Scott (1771–1832) fue un escritor británico prolífico del Romanticismo, especializado en novelas históricas, género del que puede considerarse inventor, además de ser poeta y editor. Fue conocido en toda Europa en su época, y, en cierto sentido, fue el primer autor que tuvo una verdadera carrera internacional en su tiempo, con muchos lectores contemporáneos en Europa, Australia y Norteamérica.

Acerca de Charles Mackay

Charles Mackay (1814-1889) was a Scots journalist, author, and songwriter who was born in Perth and educated in London and Brussels. He published a Dictionary of Lowland Scotch and several volumes of verse, and also wrote several hit songs, including one (“The Good Time Coming”) that sold 400,000 copies in 1846. Mackay also held a doctorate in literature and had an extensive career as a journalist.

Acerca de John Ashton

Dr. John F. Ashton is Adjunct Professor of Biomedical Sciences at Victoria University, Melbourne, and Adjunct Professor of Applied Sciences at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) University, the largest Australian tertiary institution. He holds a BSc (Honors) with prize in chemistry and PhD in epistemology (a branch of philosophy dealing with the limits of knowledge), also with prize, from the University of Newcastle and an MSc in chemistry from the University of Tasmania. Dr. Ashton is a Chartered Fellow of the Royal Australian Chemical Institute, and a former Honorary Associate in the School of Molecular and Microbial Biosciences at the University of Sydney. He also served as editor of three books related to science and faith issues, including the much-cited In Six Days: Why 50 Scientists Choose to Believe in Creation.

Acerca de William Godwin

William Godwin (1756-1836) is both one of the most important and underrated figures in libertarian thought. He has been called the first modern anarchist, the first proper utilitarian, and he was a foundational figure in both socialist and libertarian theory. Despite his significant contributions to philosophy, history, and social theory, Godwin is best remembered as husband to feminist author Mary Wollstonecraft and father to Mary Shelley.

Acerca de Howard Williams

Professor of Archaeology, University of Chester.


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