Editorial: Oregan Publishing
Formatos: ePub (con DRM de Adobe)
Editorial: Oregan Publishing
Formatos: ePub (con DRM de Adobe)
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, matemático, lógico y escritor británico más conocido por el seudónimo de Lewis Carroll, nació en Daresbury, Cheshire, en 1832, y murió en Guildford en 1898. Durante cerca de cuarenta años fue profesor de matemáticas en Oxford, y junto con el también lógico George Boole procedió a una axiomatización de la lógica. Pero, sin duda, lo que le ha hecho universalmente conocido son sus historias para niños, historias donde desplegó todo su talento para jugar —y hacernos reflexionar— con el absurdo, el sinsentido y la magia de algunas paradojas lógicas. Carroll, que también gustaba de fotografiar niñas, y que ha dejado una galería de ambiguos retratos infantiles, es autor de Alicia en el país de las maravillas (1865), A través del espejo (1872), La caza del Snark (1876) y Silvia y Bruno (1889).
Lyman Frank Baum (1856-1919) es uno de los grandes autores clásicos de literatura infantil, admirado tanto por escritores como por lectores. Ejerció las más diversas actividades antes de dedicarse a la literatura por completo: periodista, empresario teatral, actor, comerciante o secretario de la Asociación Nacional de Decoradores de Escaparates fueron algunos de los oficios que desempeñó antes del debut del mundo de Oz. Tras varias obras infantiles que no despertaron demasiado interés, en 1900 salió a la venta El Mago de Oz, que se convirtió rápidamente en la obra predilecta en millones de hogares. Reconocido como autor de éxito, Baum se mudó a California, donde escribió secuelas ambientadas en ese mundo hasta su muerte.
Hector Hugo Munro, better known by his pen name Saki, was born in Burma in 1870. He came to England for schooling following the early death of his mother, and was raised by his grandmother. After much travelling he followed in his fathers footsteps and worked for the Indian Imperian Police in Burma, before falling ill and returning to England to pursue a career in journalism. He published his first book, The Rise of the Russian Empire, in 1900. Throughout his writing career he worked as a foreign correspondent and fought in World War I, during which he was killed by a sniper in 1916. He was considered a master of the short story.
Félix Lope de Vega y Carpio (Madrid, 1562-1635), con su variada y prolífica obra, es uno de los autores más importantes de la historia de la literatura española. Aunque también escribió magníficas novelas, es en la lírica y en el teatro donde cultivó sus mayores éxitos. De hecho, su faceta como dramaturgo marcó un antes y un después: con centenares de comedias, consiguió hacer del teatro del Siglo de Oro un fenómeno de masas y sirvió como precedente a autores de la talla de Calderón de la Barca. Entre sus obras cabe destacar El castigo sin venganza, El caballero de Olmedo, El perro del hortelano, Peribáñez y el Comendador de Ocaña, Fuenteovejuna, y Rimas humanas y divinas del licenciado Tomé de Burguillos.
Thomas Hardy nació el 2 de junio de 1840 en Higher Bockhampton (Dorset), lugar que constituiría el condado imaginario de Wessex en que ambientaría sus novelas.Su padre, maestro de obras, le buscó un empleo como aprendiz con un arquitecto local que se dedicaba a restaurar iglesias antiguas. De 1862 a 1867, Hardy trabajó para otro arquitecto londinense y más tarde, de nuevo en Dorset, continuaría en la construcción a pesar de su mala salud. Mientras tanto, escribió poesía con poco éxito, para dedicarse más tarde a la novela. A partir de 1874 pudo empezar a vivir de la escritura, y aquel mismo año contrajo matrimonio con su primera esposa, Emma Gifford, a quien conoció cuando trabajaba en Cornualles. Su unión duraría hasta la muerte de ella, en 1912. En 1914 se casó con Florence Dugdale. Thomas Hardy publicó un total de catorce novelas. Las dos primeras, Remedios desesperados (1871) y Bajo el árbol del bosque (1872), fueron publicadas de manera anónima. Las dos siguientes, Unos ojos azules (1873) y Lejos del mundanal ruido (1874), ya firmadas con su nombre, cosecharon un enorme éxito. Entre sus obras más aclamadas, destacan El regreso del nativo (1878), El alcalde de Casterbridge (1886), Los habitantes del bosque (1887), Tess la de los d’Urberville (1891) y Jude el oscuro (1895). Todas ellas están vinculadas a la creencia en un universo dominado por el determinismo biológico de Charles Darwin, a la filosofía pesimista de Arthur Schopenhauer, y a la existencia de un mundo en el que el destino de los individuos se ve fatalmente alterado por la suerte. Cansado de que los críticos le reconviniesen por sus temas, Hardy se consagró, tras publicar Jude el oscuro, a la poesía. Poemas de Wessex (1898) y Poemas del pasado y del presente (1901) contienen obras escritas tiempo atrás. Los Dinastas, compuesto entre 1904 y 1908, es un drama épico, no redactado para la escena, de 19 actos y 130 escenas, en el que se narra la intervención de Inglaterra en las Guerras Napoleónicas. Sus poemas cortos, evocadores y visionarios, se publicaron en los libros Risas del tiempo (1909), Sátiras de circunstancias (1914), Momentos de visión (1917), Poemas líricos (1922), Fantasías humanas (1925) y Palabras en invierno (1928). Thomas Hardy murió el 11 de enero de 1928.
William Makepeace Thackeray (Alipur, Calcuta, India, 18 de julio de 1811 - Londres, Inglaterra, 24 de diciembre de 1863) fue un novelista inglés del realismo.Thackeray es reconocido por su estilo en el retrato de los personajes y el empleo de la sátira. Posee un humor irónico corrosivo y un estilo realista y hábil en la estructura argumental.
Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910) was one of the foremost Russian authors of the nineteenth century, known well for his novel, War and Peace. His ethical writings and short stories, which dealt with anarchist and pacifist themes, had a strong influence on Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. One collection of his tales can be found in Walk in the Light & Twenty-Three Tales.Ted Lewis (Editor) is a restorative justice consultant and trainer for the Center for Restorative Justice & Peacemaking (University of Minnesota). He lives in Duluth, Minnesota, where he runs the Agape Peace Center.
Stephen Leacock was born in Swanmore, Hampshire, England, in 1869. His family emigrated to Canada in 1876 and settled on a farm north of Toronto. Educated at Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto, Leacock pursued graduate studies in economics at the University of Chicago, where he studied under Thorstein Veblen.Even before he completed his doctorate, Leacock accepted a position as sessional lecturer in political science and economics at McGill University. When he received his Ph.D. in 1903, he was appointed to the position of lecturer. From 1908 until his retirement in 1936, he chaired the Department of Political Science and Economics.Leacock's most profitable book was his textbook, Elements of Political Science, which was translated into seventeen languages. The author of nineteen books and countless articles on economics, history, and political science, Leacock turned to the writing of humour as his beloved avocation. His first collection of comic stories, Literary Lapses, appeared in 1910, and from that time until his death he published a volume of humour almost every year.Leacock also wrote popular biographies of his two favourite writers, Mark Twain and Charles Dickens. At the time of his death, he left four completed chapters of what was to have been his autobiography. These were published posthumously under the title The Boy I Left Behind Me.Stephen Leacock died in Toronto, Ontario, in 1944.
Santa was born a long, long time ago; really nobody knows how long ago. He was born in the North Pole, and he never left. But one night a year he travels North to South and East to West, And then back to home, where it's always the best. His father's name is Father Christmas, and he is the one who brought us Christmas. Like all the beautiful Christmas trees are green, the robe he is wearing is also green. His Mother's name is Mother Snow; She is the one who dresses the winter in a beautiful big blanket of snow. Santa has a big heart, and he gives to everybody all that he can. He leaves us all the presents we like because he knows us all so well. Once morning arrives, it takes us no time to unwrap all our gifts very fast. But I'm sure you are all familiar with this story from your years past. Of course, Santa went to school like every one of you. You can probably easily guess what his favorite subject was. It was in geography class which he excelled, and did so well. He knows all the countries on the map, without the use of Google map. Santa also has a sweet tooth, that is why he cannot say no to your goody, especially your Christmas cookie. But when you see him, don't you dare call him jelly-belly, just because of his big belly! Santa likes every animal, and every little creature he can speak with, and he is excited to share some of his animal adventures with you today in his new book Why Animals Love Santa.
Robert Browning (1812-1889) was born in Camberwell, London, the son of a clerk in the Bank of England. The strongest influence on his education were the books in his father's extensive library, particularly the writings of Byron and Shelley. His dramatic poem Paracelsus, published in 1835, established his reputation and brought him the friendship of the actor-manager William Macready. When Macready's eldest son Willie was ill in bed, Browning wrote for the boy's entertainment the poem of The Pied Piper, a story he remembered from his own childhood. After its appearance in print in 1842, it became a children's classic, attracting new illustrators in every generation.In 1846 Robert Browning married a fellow poet, Elizabeth Barrett, eloping with her to Italy where they lived until Elizabeth's death in 1861. He them returned to England to live with his only sister Sarianna, but later he went back to Italy, where he died at the Rezzonico Palace in Venice.Peter Washington is the editor of many of the Everyman's Library Pocket Poets, including Love Poems, and is the author of Madame Blavatsky's Baboon: A History of the Mystics, Mediums, and Misfits Who Brought Spiritualism to America.
Montague Rhodes James (1862-1936) was an English academic best known for his mediaeval scholarship, holding the position of provost at King's College, Cambridge and later Eton, and his antiquarian ghost stories. He enjoyed entertaining his friends on Christmas Eve with his contemporary, realistic ghost stories that abandoned previous Gothic clichés. He even inspired a method of story telling known as Jamesian; elements often included in a Jamesian tale are an older scholar as the protagonist and an antique object that summons a supernatural presence.
Robert Burns was born on January 25, 1759, in South Ayrshire, Scotland, and died in 1796.Gerard Carruthers is Senior Lecturer in Scottish Literature at the University of Glasgow. He is author of Robert Burns and co-editor of English Romanticism and the Celtic World.
Thomas Nelson Page was an American writer and lawyer, as well as the U.S. Ambassador to Italy during the presidency of Woodrow Wilson. Despite his family's wealthy lineage--both the Nelson and Page families were First Families of Virginia--Page was raised largely in poverty. Based on his own experiences living on a plantation in the Antebellum South, Page's writing helped popularize the plantation-tradition genre, which depicted an idealized version of slavery and presented emancipation as a sign of moral decline in society. Page's best-known works include the short story collections The Burial of the Guns and In Ole Virginia, the latter of which contains the influential story "Marse Chan." Thomas Nelson Page died in 1922.
Mary E. Wilkins Freeman was born in Randolph, Massachusetts and at fifteen moved with her family to Brattleboro, Vermont. In 1884, left without any immediate family, she returned to Randolph, where she lived for almost twenty years with her childhood friend Mary Wales. She began to write seriously in the 1970s, & in the early 1880s her work began to appear in such popular magazines as Harper's Bazaar and Harper's Monthly Magazine. At forty-nine Mary E. Wilkins married Charles Manning Freeman, a New Jersey physician, and moved to Metuchen. Thereafter she wrote under the name Mary E. Wilkins Freeman. In April 1926, she received the William Dean Howells Medal for Fiction from the American Academy of Arts and Letters; later that year she was among the 1st women to be elected to membership in the Natl. Inst. of Art & Letters. Alfred Bendixen is Professor of English at Texas A&M University, and founder and executive director of the American Literature Association. Much of his scholarship focuses on the recovery of unjustly neglected literary texts and the exploration of neglected genres. He is the author of numerous books on American poetry and literature, including recent titles such as A Companion to the American Novel (2012); A Companion to the American Short Story (2010); and The Cambridge Companion to American Travel Writing (2009), co-edited with Judith Hamera.
Richmal Crompton was born in Lancashire in 1890. The first story about William Brown appeared in Home magazine in 1919, and the first collection of William stories was published in book form three years later. In all, thirty-eight William books were published, the last one in 1970, after Richmal Crompton's death.